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Horizontal Initiatives

G8/G20 Horizontal Initiative

Name of Horizontal Initiative: G8/G20 Horizontal Initiative

Start Date of the Horizontal Initiative: 2009-10

End Date of the Horizontal Initiative: 2010-11

Total Departmental Funding Allocation (start to end date): $583,330

Description of the Horizontal Initiative (Including Funding Agreement): The Group of Eight (G8) is an economic and political forum for the leaders of eight of the world's most industrialized nations, aimed at discussing a variety of matters including global issues such as fiscal and monetary policy coordination and international development. The G8 includes Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United States, and the United Kingdom. Further, the G20 is a forum to advance economic cooperation.

The 2010 G8 Summit was held in Huntsville, Ontario June 25-26, 2010 and the G20 Summit was held in Toronto, Ontario, June 26-27, 2010.

The 2010 G8/G20 Summits were the focus of international attention, and the safety and security of the public and heads of state was critical to its success. Security challenges included the possibility of demonstrations, interventions or disruptions by domestic or foreign radicals. In addition, given the geographical span of the two separate Summit sites (Huntsville and Toronto), this was the largest area ever secured in Canada's G8 history.

The G8/G20 Summits were a lucrative target because of their high international profile and their attendance by heads of state, dignitaries and delegates from around the world. The most likely threat was posed by domestic and international extremist groups, which could disrupt Summit meetings through violent protest or other actions. Terrorism was also a serious concern, as terrorists could seek to conduct attacks against individual delegates, the Summit facilities, or supporting infrastructure. Public safety plans were flexible to respond to a change in threat level; ensuring public safety and security of Heads of State, delegates and the public is a key priority for the Government.

Governance Structure(s): The RCMP created and led the multi-organizational, integrated Public Safety Command Security Group, known as the 2010 G8/G20 Integrated Security Unit (ISU). The 2010 G8/G20 ISU was based out of Barrie, Ontario and was responsible for coordinating the operational security planning for the Summits, in addition to delivering security during the Summit meetings. The 2010 G8/G20 ISU comprised of members from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS), Canadian Forces and regional/municipal police forces, reported to the O Division Commanding Officer, who in turn reported to the Deputy Commissioner of Federal Policing and Central Region, who reported directly to the Commissioner of the RCMP.

To aid inter-departmental coordination at the strategic level, the Privy Council Office established the Office of the Coordinator for the 2010 Olympics and G8 Security. The Coordinator chaired the horizontal Deputy Ministers Working Group to discuss and make decisions on horizontal issues. The Coordinator reported to the National Security Advisor to the Prime Minister, who in turn reported directly to the Prime Minister.

($ thousands)
Federal Partner Program Activity (PA) Total Allocation (from start to end date) Planned Spending for 2010-11 Actual Spending
Expected Results
Results Achieved in 2010-11
Science and Technology for Public Health 0.0 0.0 44.4    
Surveillance and Population Health Assessment 0.0 0.0 1.9    
Public Health Preparedness and Capacity 85.0 55.0 79.0 Cursor Icon Indicating Link ER 1.1 Cursor Icon Indicating Link RA 1.1
Health Promotion 0.0 0.0 0.2    
Regulatory Enforcement and Emergency Response 498.3 286.4 420.7 Cursor Icon Indicating Link ER 2.1 Cursor Icon Indicating Link RA 2.1
Total $583.3K $341.4K $546.2K    

Comments on Variances:

As stated in the Treasury Board Submission, PHAC absorbed the costs associated with overtime, travel expenses and transportation related to G8/G20 activities. All variance is attributable to these costs in both the program activities where there was no planned spending as well as the program activities with planned spending.

Expected Results (ER)/Results Achieved (RA):

ER 1.1: Safe and Secure G8 and G20

RA 1.1 PHAC developed and coordinated training and exercises with Ontario and local partners and completed a post-event review. The exercise, called Exercise Trillium Guardian, was conducted from May 10th-14th, 2010. The exercise tested coordination and information sharing across government and G8/G20 stakeholders. PHAC's involvement included daily activation of the Health Portfolio Emergency Operations Centre from 0700-2200 hours and ensuring that the Incident Management System was in place.

ER 2.1 Safe and Secure G8 and G20

RA 2.1 PHAC's role for the G8/G20 Summits was the successful deployment of a Microbiological Emergency Response Team (MERT) with a mobile laboratory to provide microbiological laboratory support and information to personnel attending and supporting the G8/G20 Summits. The deployment of MERT provided biological security to the G8-G20 Summits through analyses of suspicious substances collected by law enforcement and active bio-aerosol monitoring. The MERT performed these functions in close collaboration with the National CBRNE Response Team (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, explosives). The development of standard operating procedures regarding communication of test results with local and provincial health authorities, and pre-summit meetings, facilitated information sharing with our public health partners.

Other key activities include training and participation in G8-ISU, implementation of the Regional Health Portfolio Emergency Response Plan, enhanced surveillance, and deployment of National Emergency Stockpile System equipment and supplies for 10 days.

Contact Information

Patti Carson
Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response
Public Health Agency of Canada
Tel: 613-957-2868