Standard on Web Interoperability

Improves Canadians’ web experience by using technologies that support mobile devices and by making information technology easier to use in order to find government information.
Date modified: 2012-07-01

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Glossary

character encoding : (encodage de charactère)

A letter, number, space, punctuation mark, or symbol represented by a numeric code of one of several types of character encoding formats, e.g. ASCII or UTF-8, in order to facilitate the transmission of data (generally numbers or text) through telecommunication networks such as the Web.

client (client)
The intended recipient of a service. Clients may be external (citizens, businesses, non-Canadians, or organizations, e.g., non-profit) or internal to government (departments).
common service (service commun)
A service that is provided by a common service organization.
common service organization (organisme de services communs)
A department or organization that is designated as a central supplier of particular services to support the requirements of departments. Common service organizations are listed in Appendix B of the Common Services Policy.
content (Web content) : (contenu Web)

Information and sensory experience to be communicated to the user by means of a user agent, including code or mark-up that defines the content's structure, presentation, and interactions.
(Source: Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0, Appendix A: Glossary)

essential record (document essentiel)
A record essential to continuing or re-establishing critical institutional functions.
functional specialist : (spécialiste fonctionnel)

An employee who carries out roles and responsibilities that require function-specific knowledge, skills and attributes in the following priority areas: finances, human resources, internal audit, procurement, materiel management, real property, information management.

Government of Canada Websites : (sites Web du gouvernement du Canada)

Websites for which the Government of Canada is accountable. The types of websites include departmental sites, initiative sites, sub sites and Web applications.

HTML data : (données HTML)

Semantic mark-up embedded in Web pages enabling user agents such as Web browsers and search engines to extract machine-readable content from Web pages intended for end-users, such as contact information, geographic coordinates, and calendar events automatically.

information architecture (architecture d'information)
The structure of the information components of an enterprise, their interrelationships, and principles and guidelines governing their design and evolution over time. Information architecture enables the sharing, reuse, horizontal aggregation, and analysis of information.
information management (gestion de l'information)
A discipline that directs and supports effective and efficient management of information in an organization, from planning and systems development to disposal or long-term preservation.
information technology (technologies de l'information)
Includes any equipment or system that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information. It includes all matters concerned with the design, development, installation and implementation of information systems and applications to meet business requirements.
interoperability : (interoperabilité)

For the purposes of this standard, Web interoperability is defined as the ability of different types of computers, platforms, devices, networks, and applications to work together effectively, without prior communication, to find, retrieve, understand, exchange, and re-use Web content in a useful and meaningful manner. There are three aspects of interoperability: semantic, structural and syntactical.
(Source: Adapted from Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Glossary)

management of information technology (gestion des technologies de l'information)
Includes planning, building (or procuring), operating and measuring performance.
metadata : (métadonnées)

The definition and description of the structure and meaning of information resources, and the context and systems in which they exist.

portability (Web) ([Web]) : (portabilité)

Extent to which Web content can be delivered and consumed on different platforms and devices.

property : (propriété)

A specific aspect, characteristic, attribute, or relation used to describe a resource.

publication (publication)
Any library matter that is made available in multiple copies or at multiple locations, whether without charge or otherwise, to the public generally or to qualifying members of the public by subscription or otherwise. Publications may be made available through any medium and may be in any form, including printed material, on-line items or recordings.
record (document)
For the purpose of this policy, records are information created, received, and maintained by an organization or person for business purposes, legal obligations, or both, regardless of medium or form.
recordkeeping (tenue des documents)
A framework of accountability and stewardship in which records are created, captured, and managed as a vital business asset and knowledge resource to support effective decision making and achieve results for Canadians.
schema (encoding schema []) : (schéma d'encodage)

Machine-processable specifications which define the structure and syntax of metadata specifications in a formal schema language.
(Based on Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Glossary)

service (service)
A means, administered by a program, of producing a final valued output (i.e. service output) to address one or more target group needs.
shared service (service partagé)
A service that is shared by more than one client.
system : (système)

Organised collections of hardware, software, supplies, policies, procedures and people, to capture, transmit, store, retrieve, manipulate, or display information resources in support of an organisation's day to day operations.

technology (Web content): (technologie Web)

Mechanism for encoding instructions to be rendered, played or executed by user agents

Note 1: As used in these guidelines "Web Technology" and the word "technology" (when used alone) both refer to Web Content Technologies.

Note 2: Web content technologies may include markup languages, data formats, or programming languages that authors may use alone or in combination to create end-user experiences that range from static Web pages to synchronized media presentations to dynamic Web applications.

Example: Some common examples of Web content technologies include HTML, CSS, SVG, PNG, PDF, Flash, and JavaScript.
(Source: Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0, Appendix A: Glossary)

Web content management system : (système de publication et de gestion du contenu Web)

A suite of software tools for managing and publishing Web content.

Web feed: (flux Web)

A Web feed is a data format used for providing users with content that is new or is substantially changed or reviewed frequently. Content distributors syndicate a Web feed, thereby allowing users to subscribe to it. Making a collection of Web feeds accessible in one spot is known as aggregation, which is performed by an aggregator. A Web feed is also sometimes referred to as a syndicated feed. The two main Web feed formats are RSS and Atom.

Web page : (page Web)

A non-embedded resource obtained from a single Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) using HTTP plus any other resources that are used in the rendering or intended to be rendered together with it by a user agent.

Note 1: Although any "other resources" would be rendered together with the primary resource, they would not necessarily be rendered simultaneously with each other.

Note 2: For the purposes of conformance with these guidelines, a resource must be "non-embedded" within the scope of conformance to be considered a Web page.For further information and examples, please consult: Web page, Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0, Appendix A: Glossary

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