Standard on Web Interoperability

Improves Canadians’ web experience by using technologies that support mobile devices and by making information technology easier to use in order to find government information.
Date modified: 2012-07-01

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Glossary

activity (activité)
Is the work that is done to achieve an output, such as a product or service. It is a component of a program and may include several levels of activity (i.e., activity, subactivity and sub-subactivity) at the level of detail needed to manage a program and its services successfully.
applications (applications)
Are a subclass of computer software that employs the capabilities of a computer directly and thoroughly for a task that the user wishes to perform.
assets (biens)
Are tangible and intangible items of value that have a life span beyond one year, whether they are Crown-owned, leased or accessed through other arrangements.
character encoding : (encodage de charactère)

A letter, number, space, punctuation mark, or symbol represented by a numeric code of one of several types of character encoding formats, e.g. ASCII or UTF-8, in order to facilitate the transmission of data (generally numbers or text) through telecommunication networks such as the Web.

chief information officer council (cioc) (conseil des dirigeants principaux de l'information (cdpi))
Refers to the forum for the departmental CIO or his or her equivalent to participate in shared decision making by recommending government-wide information technology options to the Chief Information Officer of Canada. This forum also ensures that departments collectively support decisions made by the CIOC. Details on its operations can be found in the CIOC's Terms of Reference.
client (client)
Is the intended recipient of a service. Clients may be external to the federal government (e.g., citizens, businesses, non-Canadians and non-profit organizations) or internal to government (e.g., departments).
cobit (cobit)
Stands for “Control Objectives for Information and related Technology” and represents a set of best practices that provide guidance for the management of IT processes. (Source: IT Governance Institute)
common service (service commun)
Is a service provided by a common service organization.
common service organization (organisme de service commun)
Refers to a department or organization designated as a central supplier of particular services that support the requirements of departments. Common service organizations are listed in Appendix B of the Common Services Policy.
content (Web content) : (contenu Web)

Information and sensory experience to be communicated to the user by means of a user agent, including code or mark-up that defines the content's structure, presentation, and interactions.
(Source: Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0, Appendix A: Glossary)

departmental cio or equivalent (dpi du ministère ou équivalent)
Refers to the senior official designated by the deputy head, as established under Section 6.1.6 of the Policy on Management of Information Technology, to represent the department to TBS on matters relating to IT management. The requirements in this directive do not include all the duties and responsibilities of departmental CIO or equivalent; in addition to IT management, other responsibilities could include information management or IT security.
departments (ministères)
Has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Financial Administration Act and includes all departments, agencies, branches and departmental corporations listed in Schedules I, I.1 and II of the Act.
functional specialist : (spécialiste fonctionnel)

An employee who carries out roles and responsibilities that require function-specific knowledge, skills and attributes in the following priority areas: finances, human resources, internal audit, procurement, materiel management, real property, information management.

Government of Canada Websites : (sites Web du gouvernement du Canada)

Websites for which the Government of Canada is accountable. The types of websites include departmental sites, initiative sites, sub sites and Web applications.

HTML data : (données HTML)

Semantic mark-up embedded in Web pages enabling user agents such as Web browsers and search engines to extract machine-readable content from Web pages intended for end-users, such as contact information, geographic coordinates, and calendar events automatically.

information technology (technologies de l'information)
Involves both technology infrastructure and IT applications. Technology infrastructure includes any equipment or system that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission or reception of data or information. IT applications include all matters concerned with the design, development, installation and implementation of information systems and applications to meet business requirements.
interoperability : (interoperabilité)

For the purposes of this standard, Web interoperability is defined as the ability of different types of computers, platforms, devices, networks, and applications to work together effectively, without prior communication, to find, retrieve, understand, exchange, and re-use Web content in a useful and meaningful manner. There are three aspects of interoperability: semantic, structural and syntactical.
(Source: Adapted from Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Glossary)

investment (investissement)
Is the use of resources with the expectation of a future return, such as an increase in output, income or assets or the acquisition of knowledge or capacity.
it decision making (prise de décisions en matière de ti)
Refers to the process and actions involved in making decisions on IT management.
it services (services de ti)
Are services that clients and end user recipients understand as IT service provider outputs. Services may be delivered by providers through one or more internal activities.
itil (itil)
Stands for “Information Technology Infrastructure Library” and represents a set of best practices that guide IT service management. (Source: ITIL)
management of information technology (gestion des technologies de l'information)
Is planning, acquiring, building, implementing and operating IT assets, systems or services, measuring their performance and arranging their disposal.
metadata : (métadonnées)

The definition and description of the structure and meaning of information resources, and the context and systems in which they exist.

portability (Web) ([Web]) : (portabilité)

Extent to which Web content can be delivered and consumed on different platforms and devices.

property : (propriété)

A specific aspect, characteristic, attribute, or relation used to describe a resource.

schema (encoding schema []) : (schéma d'encodage)

Machine-processable specifications which define the structure and syntax of metadata specifications in a formal schema language.
(Based on Dublin Core Metadata Initiative Glossary)

service (service)
Refers to a means, administered by a program, of producing a final valued output that addresses one or more target group needs.
service catalogue (catalogue de services)
Is a database or structured document for users that is published by a service provider and includes a full description of individual IT services or, at a minimum, information on cost, quality and service levels. The service catalogue may also include service request processes and contact points.
service costing (établissement du coût des services)
Refers to cost estimating that assists senior management in making decisions on services. (See the TBS Guide to Costing)
shared service (service partagé)
Is a service that is shared by more than one client.
stakeholder (intervenant)
Is an entity that may be internal or external to the federal government, such as a citizen, business, service provider, service consumer, partner or employee, and has an interest in an IT service, project or organization or their related activities, resources or deliverables.
system : (système)

Organised collections of hardware, software, supplies, policies, procedures and people, to capture, transmit, store, retrieve, manipulate, or display information resources in support of an organisation's day to day operations.

technology (Web content): (technologie Web)

Mechanism for encoding instructions to be rendered, played or executed by user agents

Note 1: As used in these guidelines "Web Technology" and the word "technology" (when used alone) both refer to Web Content Technologies.

Note 2: Web content technologies may include markup languages, data formats, or programming languages that authors may use alone or in combination to create end-user experiences that range from static Web pages to synchronized media presentations to dynamic Web applications.

Example: Some common examples of Web content technologies include HTML, CSS, SVG, PNG, PDF, Flash, and JavaScript.
(Source: Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0, Appendix A: Glossary)

Web content management system : (système de publication et de gestion du contenu Web)

A suite of software tools for managing and publishing Web content.

Web feed: (flux Web)

A Web feed is a data format used for providing users with content that is new or is substantially changed or reviewed frequently. Content distributors syndicate a Web feed, thereby allowing users to subscribe to it. Making a collection of Web feeds accessible in one spot is known as aggregation, which is performed by an aggregator. A Web feed is also sometimes referred to as a syndicated feed. The two main Web feed formats are RSS and Atom.

Web page : (page Web)

A non-embedded resource obtained from a single Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) using HTTP plus any other resources that are used in the rendering or intended to be rendered together with it by a user agent.

Note 1: Although any "other resources" would be rendered together with the primary resource, they would not necessarily be rendered simultaneously with each other.

Note 2: For the purposes of conformance with these guidelines, a resource must be "non-embedded" within the scope of conformance to be considered a Web page.For further information and examples, please consult: Web page, Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0, Appendix A: Glossary

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