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ARCHIVED - 2007-2008 DPRs - Horizontal Initiatives

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Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Table 10: Horizontal Initiatives

A "horizontal initiative" is an initiative in which partners from two or more organizations have agreed under a formal funding agreement (e.g. Memorandum to Cabinet, Treasury Board submission, federal-provincial agreement) to work toward the achievement of shared outcomes.

The objective of reporting on horizontal initiatives is to provide Parliament and the Canadian public and government with an overall picture of public spending and results achieved by departments working together.

Horizontal initiatives listed below were led by AAFC and were allocated federal funds that exceed $100 million (counting all federal partners) for the duration of the program, or were allocated less than $100 million in federal funds but still considered to be key to the achievement of government priorities, or had a high public profile.

Following is a summary list of horizontal initiatives for 2007-08. More complete information on each initiative, including spending and results, is available on the Treasury Board Secretariat's Horizontal Results Database.

  1. Canadian Agricultural Income Stabilization program (CAIS)
  2. Canadian Agricultural Skills Service (CASS)
  3. Co-operatives Secretariat
  4. Farm Business Services
  5. MOU with Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) on Food Safety and Quality
  6. AAFC-Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) MOU on Agri-Food Specialists Positions Abroad
  7. MOU with Environment Canada (EC) on the National Agri-Environmental Standards Initiative (NAESI)
  8. MOU with Health Canada (HC) on Food Safety and Quality and Environment
  9. Production Insurance
  10. Rural Development

Horizontal Initiative

1. Name of Horizontal Initiative:
Canadian Agricultural Income Stabilization (CAIS) (transition to AgriStability/ AgriInvest)

2. Name of Lead Department(s):
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

3. Lead Department Program Activity:
Business Risk Management

4. Start Date of the Horizontal Initiative:
April 1, 2003
For Agricultural Policy Framework (APF) - Business Risk Management funding, which covers CAIS.

5. End Date of the Horizontal Initiative:
March 31, 2008
For APF-Business Risk Management funding, which covers CAIS.

6. Total Federal Funding Allocation (start to end date):
$2.4 billion over five years.

7. Description of the Horizontal Initiative (including funding agreement):
Under the Agricultural Policy Framework (APF) 2003/04-2007/08, CAIS was one of two core business risk management (BRM) programs, together with Production Insurance. CAIS was a margin-based program that integrated stabilization and disaster protection into a single program, helping producers protect their farming operations from small and large drops in income. This was a whole-farm program available to eligible farmers regardless of the commodities they produced.

As a result of producer and industry concerns with the responsiveness, timing of payments and predictability of the program, the government committed, in the 2006 Speech from the Throne and Budget, to replacing CAIS with more responsive, predictable and bankable programs. After consultations with industry and the provinces and territories, federal-provincial-territorial governments agreed to replace CAIS with a new suite of BRM programs which includes AgriStability, AgrInvest, AgriInsurance and AgriRecovery. Transition to the new programs began in the 2007-08 fiscal year. The application deadline for the 2007 program year is the fall of 2008.

AgriStability is an improved margin-based program that provides farmers with assistance for larger income decline. The program compensates producers when their margin in the program year is more than 15 percent lower than their reference margin from previous years (the second and third tiers under CAIS). While AgriStability is similar to CAIS, it includes a number of enhancements which have long been requested by industry leaders, including a better method for valuing producer inventories, expansion of the criteria for negative margin coverage to allow deeper coverage for back-to-back disasters and an automatic Targeted Advance Payment for when disasters occur. In addition to these parameter changes, governments have also worked to improve the service delivery of the program by introducing enhancements such as automatic sign-up for previous participants, more flexible deadlines, simplified forms and electronic filing, online calculators, national service standards, and clearer program statements.

The new AgriInvest program will allow producers to self-manage the first 15 percent of their losses (the first tier under CAIS), through producer-government savings accounts. Annual producer deposits will be matched by government contributions (cost-shared 60:40 by federal and provincial governments) into the producer's account. Producers will have full access to use their AgriInvest money to address their farm income losses or for investments to mitigate on-farm risks or otherwise enhance profitability. In addition, to ensure that AgriInvest accounts are effective in the first years of the program, before producers have had a chance to build up their AgriInvest balances, the federal government provided one-time "kick-start" contributions into accounts (which did not require a matching producer deposit).

Program costs, including program payments and administrative costs, are cost shared by the federal government and the provinces on a 60:40 basis, respectively as identified in the following authorities:

  • Farm Income Protection (FIPA): Section 4
  • inet:
    • Action Plan for the Agricultural Sector: Part II (June 2006);
    • Action Plan for the Agricultural Sector: Part III (Oct. 2006)
    • Amendments to Farm Income Stabilization Programming (March 2007)

The program links to the departmental strategic outcome Security of the Food System.

8. Shared Outcome(s):
To assist producers in protecting their farming operations from drops in income due to circumstances beyond their control.

Performance measures are:

  1. Percentage target of 80% of the 5-year average program margin that eligible participants achieve overall as a result of the program payments.
  2. Percentage target of 80% of farm market receipts covered by the program.

9. Governance Structure(s):
The CAIS program is part of the comprehensive APF developed by federal, provincial and territorial Ministers of Agriculture, and falls under the Business Risk Management priority. Funding is 60% federal and 40% provincial/territorial.

The CAIS program is delivered in British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Yukon by a federal administration. In Alberta, Ontario, Quebec, and Prince Edward Island, the CAIS program is delivered provincially.

Governance structure consists of the following:

  1. The Senior Administrator's Delivery Committee consists of select ADMs and Senior Administrators from the delivering CAIS administrations (Canada, Alberta, Ontario, and Prince Edward Island) with the purpose of strategically looking at how Administrations can work together to create national efficiencies and make strategic decisions on delivery.
  2. The Federal/Provincial/Territorial (FPT) Business Risk Management (BRM) Policy Working Group examines overarching BRM policy issues including performance measurement and future direction. The federal government has two voting representatives and each participating province/territory has one voting representative. The FPT BRM Policy Working Group is co-chaired by one federal official appointed by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and one provincial/territorial representative elected from the FPT BRM Policy Working Group to a one year term.
  3. The FPT CAIS Administrators Working Group consists of officials from FPT levels of government who are policy or subject matter experts of business risk management programs and report to the Business Risk Management Working Group through its chair. The purpose of the Working Group is to develop the program guidelines and evaluate program parameters and processing issues. The group discusses issues related to program administration, file processing, administrative policy, finance, communication and any other related program issues.
  4. The National CAIS Committee (NCC) assists in the administration of the program as specified in Section 5(3) of the Farm Income Protection Act (FIPA). Each participating province and territory appoints one provincial and one producer (maximum 3 year term) representative. The Minister appoints 10 producer representatives, one producer who is an aboriginal person and four federal officials. The chairperson is named by Canada from the four federal official members. The Committee monitors the operation of the CAIS Program and ensures national consistency in program delivery. The NCC was replaced by the National Program Advisory Committee (NPAC) in December 2007. The mandate and composition of the NPAC remains the same as that of NCC.

A similar structure is utilized for the new BRM programs AgriStability and AgriInvest.


10.
Federal Partners
11.
Federal Partner Program Activity
12.
Names of Programs for Federal Partners
13.
Total Allocation (from start to end date)
14.
Planned Spending for 2007-2008
15.
Actual Spending for 2007-2008
16.
Expected
Results for
2007-2008
17.
Results
Achieved
in 2007-2008
1. AAFC (lead) Business Risk Management CAIS / AgriStability $2.4 billion (for fiscal years 2003/04 to 2007/08) $610.5 million $433.6 million Producers better supported and able to manage business risks

Increased sector viability and profitability

A number of program enhancements have been implemented to better serve producers including: a better method for valuing producer inventories, expansion of the criteria for negative margin coverage to allow deeper coverage for back-to-back disasters and an automatic Targeted Advance Payment for when disasters occur. In addition, improvements have been made to service delivery by introducing automatic sign-up for previous participants, more flexible deadlines, simplified forms and electronic filing, online calculators, national service standards, and clearer program statement.
AgriInvest $172.5 M
for fiscal year 2007-08 (This amount was diverted from the CAIS $2.4B as AgriInvest replaces the top 15% of CAIS)
  $168.3 M Producers better supported and able to manage business risks

Increased sector viability and profitability

Fiscal year 2007-08 was a transition year for the AgriInvest program. As such, program development was the focus and actual program payments to producers were not made. However, Program Grants & Contributions are recognized in the year that the related economic event occurs (ie 2007 Program/tax year). Payments to producers happen the year following the program/tax year (2008-09).

To help producers build their AgriInvest accounts, the federal government provided a one-time only initiative to seed AgriInvest accounts. The $600 million Kickstart payment was delivered to producers in the 2007-08 fiscal year (not included in spending figures).

Total $2.4 billion $610.5 million $601.9 million    

18. Comments on variances:
Although the Administration costs remain relatively constant, the variance in year to year G&C payments is directly related to the needs of the agriculture industry. CAIS/AgriStability is demand-driven rather than being funded from a set allocation for each fiscal year. As such, in good years, the program will cost governments less, while in bad years (i.e., years with dropping commodity prices, disasters, etc.) the costs of the program will be higher. The program does, however, include a payment cap of $3 million per participant per program year in order to control costs for governments and prevent larger operations from capturing a large share of program benefits.

The AgriInvest variance between planned and actual spending was due to the timing of the program approval which occurred after the preparation of the 2007-08 RPP.

19. Results to be Achieved by Non-federal Partners (if applicable)
Joint planning and execution (federally and provincially) so provincial results are consistent.

The BRM Working Group has been working towards developing national performance indicators for program delivery. A national processing service standard for CAIS 2006 program delivery year was agreed upon. This was a key achievement and responded to the Treasury Board policy requiring departments to establish and monitor service standards. Ongoing discussions on the expectation of administrations for regular service standard reporting will be taking place.

20. Contact Information
Michele Taylor
Director General
Farm Financial Programs Branch
204-984-5645

Note: Planned Spending and Total Allocation figures represent the amounts included in Estimates.

Horizontal Initiative

1. Name of Horizontal Initiative
Canadian Agricultural Skills Service (CASS)

2. Name of Lead Department(s)
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

3. Lead Department Program Activity
Innovation and Renewal

4. Start Date of the Horizontal Initiative
April 1, 2003

5. End Date of the Horizontal Initiative
March 31, 2008 (extended to March 31, 2009)

6. Total Federal Funding Allocation (start to end date)
$74.58 million over six years

7. Description of the Horizontal Initiative (including funding agreement)
Farmers and/or their spouses are offered assistance for skills development and access to training that could result in increased on or off-farm income. Assistance is provided to access training in areas such as improved farm practices and farm business management including accounting, finance, human resource management; training for other employment; or training to acquire skills for starting a new business. To access training, financial support such as tuition fees for courses, supplies for courses as well as travel and accommodation is provided. By providing assistance for skills development and training, this horizontal initiative contributes to the strategic outcome of innovation for growth. Further details can be found at the following web link: http://www4.agr.gc.ca/AAFC-AAC/display-afficher.do?id=1176222540186&lang=e

8. Shared Outcome(s):
(a) Farmers' profitability increased;
(b) Improved choices about sources of income; and
(c) Production of farm products based on market and consumer demands respecting food safety and food quality and environmentally-responsible production, and opportunities from science and innovation captured.

9. Governance Structure(s)
Program development with Renewal federal/provincial/territorial working group. Program delivery by Service Canada (Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC)), Provincial Governments and Third Party delivery agents.


10. Federal Partners 11. Federal Partner Program Activity 12. Names of Programs for Federal Partners 13. Total Allocation (from start to end date) 14. Planned Spending for 2007-2008 15. Actual Spending for 2007-2008 16. Expected Results for 2007-2008 17. Results Achieved in 2007-2008
Please note that expected results are different from the ones expressed in the 2007-08 Report on Plans and Priorities. Expected results presented here are consistent with those for Renewal Programs within the recently approved Performance Measurement Framework of the Management Resources and Results Structure. They also better reflect the outcomes of the program.
1. AAFC
Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC)
Innovation and Renewal a. Canadian Agricultural Skills Service $74.58 million (for fiscal years 2003/04 to 2008/09) $29.4 million $40.8 million Farmers and farm families meet their financial goals In 2007-2008, 4,638 producers participated (2,951 of these through the Canadian Farm Families Options Program), bringing the cumulative total to 13,807; 80% of CASS CIA respondents reported that the skills and/or knowledge they developed through participation in CASS helped them in reaching their most important business goal (60% of most important goals reported by CIA CASS respondents were financial goals).
Total $74.58 million $29.4 million $40.8 million Farmers and farm families meet their financial goals. Of total 2007 NRS respondents 30% reported that their top business goal is maximizing return on investment, up from 26% in 2004; 96% reported to be meeting this goal to some extent in 2007.

18. Comments on Variances
The delivery of CASS was in its third year in 2007-08. Increased awareness of the program, combined with the CASS cross compliance requirement under the Options program has resulted in higher uptake than originally anticipated for 2007-08.

19. Results to be Achieved by Non-federal Partners (if applicable)
CASS is delivered through agreements with five provinces (Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Prince Edward Island) and through Service Canada in the remaining four provinces and the Yukon (CASS is not available in Quebec and only available on demand in Nunavut and North West Territories). Of the 4,638 producers who participated in 2007-08, 4,449 were in the provinces with provincial delivery arrangements and 189 were in the provinces/territories served by Service Canada. In the provinces with provincial delivery arrangements, participation was as follows: Ontario (841), Manitoba (739), Saskatchewan (2,070), Alberta (764), and PEI (35). In provinces covered by Service Canada, participation was as follows: British Columbia (125), New Brunswick (25), Nova Scotia (37) and Yukon (2). Overall, analysis to date indicates that 79% of CASS participants from provinces with provincial delivery were satisfied or very satisfied with the services provided for the development of their individual learning plan.

20. Contact Information:
Johanne Métayer, Director
Renewal Division, Farm Financial Programs Branch
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
613-759-6689

Note: Planned Spending and Total Allocation figures represent the amounts included in Estimates.

Horizontal Initiative

1. Name of Horizontal Initiative
Co-operatives Secretariat

2. Name of Lead Department(s)
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

3. Lead Department Program Activity
Rural and Co-operatives Secretariats

4. Start Date of the Horizontal Initiative
April 1, 2003

5. End Date of the Horizontal Initiative
March 31, 2008 (extended to March 31, 2009)

6. Total Federal Funding Allocation (start to end date)
$22.0 million over six years

7. Description of the Horizontal Initiative (including funding agreement)
The Co operatives Secretariat was established in 1987 to help the Government of Canada respond more effectively to the concerns and needs of Canadian co-operatives. The Secretariat advises the government on policies affecting co-operatives, co-ordinates the implementation of such policies, promotes co-operatives within the federal government, and provides a link between the co-operative sector and the many federal departments and agencies with which they interact.

8. Shared Outcome(s)
The end outcome of the Government of Canada with respect to co operatives is the expanded use of the co-operatives model to enhance the economic growth and social development of Canadian rural and urban society. The objectives are to:
-raise awareness of the co operative model and of the role that co operatives can play in both social and economic development;
-promote policies, programs and legislation that support co operatives development to achieve federal policy objectives, and greater harmonization of efforts; and
- encourage the growth of existing co operatives and the creation of new co-operatives to meet the social and economic needs of Canadians.

9. Governance Structure(s):
The Co-operatives Secretariat was created to improve the relationship between Canadian co operatives and the 17 federal departments and agencies currently known to have legislation, policies or programs affecting co operatives. Formal mechanisms for collaboration include the Interdepartmental Committee on Co operatives, dialogue with provincial collaborators and sector working groups. The Co-operatives Secretariat, working closely with the Minister responsible for co-operatives, acts as a coordinator for interaction between the government and the co operative sector. The Secretariat is headed by an Executive Director, and administrative services for the Secretariat are provided by AAFC. More details on the functions of the Secretariat are available.


10. Federal Partners Involved 11. Federal Partner Program Activity 12. Names of Programs for Federal Partners 13. Total Allocation (from start to end date) 14. Planned Spending for 2007-2008 15. Actual Spending for 2007-2008 16. Expected Results for 2007-2008 17. Results Achieved in 2007-2008
Co-operatives Secretariat/ AAFC   

A listing of the 17 departments and agencies with legislation, policies and programs affecting co-operatives is available at: http://www.agr.gc.ca/rcs-src/coop/index_e.php?s1=leg&page=intro#CIC.

Rural and Co-operatives Secretariats Co-operative Development Initiative (CDI):
- Advisory
  Services
- Innovation & Research
$22.0 million
(for fiscal years 2003/04 to 2008/09)
$4.1 million