The Programs of the Secretariat

The Program Alignment Architecture (PAA) is an inventory of all the programs undertaken by the Secretariat. It groups related programs together and links them logically to our strategic outcome: “Government is well managed and accountable, and resources are allocated to achieve results.” It is the foundation for integrated planning, including facilitating decisions about the allocation and control of resources. It provides a framework to support governance, planning and decision-making by providing both financial and performance information.

The Secretariat’s six Programs are described below.
Visual depiction of the Secretariat’s PAA
Visual depiction of the Secretariat’s PAA - Text version

The graphic demonstrates how the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat's strategic outcome is supported by its program. The outcome is as follows: "Government is well managed and accountable, and resources are allocated to achieve results."

There are six specific programs for achieving this: Management Frameworks; People Management; Expenditure Management; Financial Management; Government-Wide Funds and Public Service Employer Payments; and Internal Services.

  • Program 1: Management Frameworks
    • Sub-Programs:
      • Strategic Management and Governance
      • Sound Management and Decision Making
      • Service Modernization;
      • Information Management, Access, and Privacy;
      • Management of Information Technology;
      • Government Security;
      • Communications and Corporate Identity; and
      • Regulatory management.
  • Program 2: People Management
    • Sub-Programs:
      • Direction Setting;
      • Enabling Infrastructure; and
      • Comprehensive Management of Compensation.
  • Program 3: Expenditure Management
    • Sub-Programs:
      • Results-Based Expenditure Management;
      • Expenditure Management Advice and Reporting; and
      • Compensation Expenditure Management.
  • Program 4: Financial Management
    • Sub-Programs:
      • Financial Management, Oversight, and Reporting;
      • Internal Audit; and
      • Assets and Acquired Services
  • Program 5: Government-Wide Funds and Public Service Employer Payments
    • There are no Sub-Programs associated with this program.
  • Program 6: Internal Services
    • Sub-Programs:
      • Governance and Management Support
        • Sub-Sub-Programs:
          • Management and Oversight Services
          • Communications Services; and
          • Legal Services
    • Resource Management Services
      • Sub-Sub-Programs:
        • Human Resource Management Services;
        • Financial Management Services;
        • Information Management Services;
        • Information Technology Services; and
        • Travel and Other Administrative Services.
    • Asset Management Services
      • Sub-Sub-Programs:
        • Real Property Services;
        • Materiel Services; and
        • Acquisition Services.

For more information, please consult the Policy on Management, Resources, and Results Structures.

Program Alignment Architecture Descriptions:

Program 1 Management Frameworks

The Management Frameworks program establishes principles for sound governance and management in the Government of Canada by helping ministers set government-wide policy direction in targeted areas. These areas include service and program modernization, information management, information technology, security, communications and regulatory management. This program achieves its results by communicating clear expectations for deputy heads and by adopting principles-based approaches and risk-informed oversight.
Working with departments, agencies and functional communities (e.g., regulation, information technology, security), the Secretariat provides leadership, oversight, assessment and guidance in areas related to management policy and regulatory development, compliance, and performance reporting. This work also includes responding to emerging public sector management issues and promoting informed risk- taking, innovation, cost-effectiveness, efficiency, transparency, and accountability. This program is underpinned by a broad set of enabling legislation, including the Financial Administration Act and the Federal Accountability Act.

Program 2 People Management

The People Management program supports activities of the Treasury Board in its role as the employer of the core public administration. The program's primary objectives are to lead people management and leadership excellence, to support human resources infrastructure and to ensure the appropriate degree of consistency in people management across the public service. In certain instances, activities extend beyond the core public administration to separate agencies, members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Canadian Forces, locally engaged staff, students and appropriation-dependent Crown corporations. To support deputy heads and to provide Parliament and Canadians with a clear view of the overall state of people management, this program enables the development and implementation of direction-setting strategic frameworks and policies such as classification, executive management, official languages, and values and ethics; the establishment of people management indicators, measures, oversight and monitoring; and the collection and analysis of reliable and consistent data regarding the public service.
The program also enables prudent fiscal management of resources in the areas of classification, total compensation (collective bargaining, wages and salaries, terms and conditions of employment, pensions and benefits) and labour relations, and supports departments as they implement Government of Canada decisions regarding expenditures and programs. Responsibilities in areas other than classification and labour relations are shared with the Expenditure Management program. The People Management program is underpinned by a number of pieces of legislation, which are identified in the Policy Framework for People Management and the Policy Framework for the Management of Compensation.

Program 3 Expenditure Management

The Expenditure Management program helps align resources to achieve government priorities in a way that maximizes value for money and provides a whole-of-government perspective on matters related to direct program spending. Working with all federal organizations that are subject to budget appropriation, the Secretariat undertakes the review, analysis, and challenge of plans and proposals that involve departmental spending, expenditure forecasting and strategies, expenditure management of total compensation and results-based management.
This work, as well as the production of government Estimates documents and reporting to Parliament, forms part of the Expenditure Management System, which is the framework for developing and implementing the government's spending plans and priorities within the limits established by the budget, implemented in coordination with the Department of Finance Canada and the Privy Council Office.
The primary pieces of legislation underpinning the program's activities are the Financial Administration Act and the Public Sector Equitable Compensation Act.

Program 4 Financial Management

The Financial Management program provides oversight and direction to federal organizations to improve the stewardship of taxpayers' dollars and government assets.
The program works to strengthen financial management, internal audit, management of real property and materiel, investment planning, project management and procurement across the federal public service. This is accomplished by providing direction to departments; demonstrating leadership; developing and maintaining policies, guidance and practices; nurturing sustainable and professional communities (e.g., finance, procurement, audit); and helping improve government operations.
The legislative authority for this program is the Financial Administration Act and Appropriation Acts.

Program 5 Government-wide Funds and Public Service Employer Payments

The Government-Wide Funds and Public Service Employer Payments program accounts for funds that are held centrally to supplement other appropriations, from which allocations are made to, or payments and receipts are made on behalf of, other federal organizations. These funds supplement the standard appropriations process and meet certain responsibilities of the Treasury Board as the employer of the core public administration, including employer obligations under the public service pension and benefits plans.
The administration of these funds falls under the Expenditure Management program and the People Management program, but their financial resources are shown separately in the Program Alignment Architecture (PAA) for visibility and reporting purposes.

Internal Services

Internal Services are groups of related activities and resources that are administered to support the needs of programs and other corporate obligations of an organization. These groups include the following services:

Internal Services include only those activities and resources that apply across an organization and do not include those provided for a specific program.

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