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Guideline On Common Financial Management Business Process 5.1 - Pay Administration

Executive Summary

This guideline is part of a set of guidelines designed to assist departments See footnote 1 in implementing common financial management business processes.

This guideline presents the "should be" model for Pay Administration, which involves "pay" and "payroll." Pay and payroll are limited to gross pay and pay-related transactions identified in the Regional Pay System's detailed expenditure extract file, See footnote 2 and include the following:

  • Basic pay;
  • Allowances;
  • Supplementary pay (including overtime); and
  • Adjustments and credit backs, such as recoveries, garnishments, and non-statutory deduction adjustments.

This guideline describes roles, responsibilities and recommended procedures in the context of the Financial Administration Act (FAA), other legislation, and Government of Canada policy instruments.

Figure 1: Pay Administration - Level 2 Process Flow

Figure 1: Pay Administration - Level 2 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 1: Pay Administration - Level 2 Process Flow

Note: The symbol indicates that all four subprocesses should be completed before proceeding to the HR Pre-Payroll subprocess group symbol indicates that all four subprocesses should be completed before proceeding to the HR Pre-Payroll subprocess group.

As illustrated in Figure 1, Pay Administration comprises 12 subprocesses (5.1.1 to 5.1.12) that are arranged into 5 subprocess groups as follows.

Manage Pay Administration Requirements starts the Pay Administration business process by defining the pay administration requirements. The responsibility centre manager reviews the annual plan and approved budget, which is produced as part of Manage Planning and Budgeting (Business Process 1.1), and determines requirements for employees and positions. Once the pay requirement is decided, the responsibility centre manager exercises expenditure initiation and confirms the availability of funds. Commitments and salary forecast records are updated as per departmental procedures established by the deputy head.

Under HR Pre-Payroll, human resources (HR) actions are then undertaken. These HR subprocesses, as defined in the Common Human Resources Business Process, can lead to pay transactions by providing critical information for responsibility centre managers, compensation and employees (such as classification decisions, identification of successful candidates in a staffing action, decisions on disciplinary actions, or identification of recipients and amounts for special awards). The HR Pre-Payroll subprocesses terminate in confirmation of transaction authority; FAA section 34 certification; updates to commitments and salary management records in accordance with deputy head requirements; and a request for a pay transaction.

Pay Pre-Payroll involves the resulting compensation activities whereby the requested pay transaction is processed, including part of FAA section 34 verification and the FAA section 33 certification.

Under Payroll, following FAA section 33 certification, the Department of Public Works and Government Services (PWGSC) calculates employee pay for the pay period, issues the pay register for validation from departmental compensation, and completes the processing for payments related to employee pay. Using the Regional Pay System, PWGSC provides departments with a detailed expenditure extract report that identifies gross pay-run information and cancelled payments. Departments also receive control account and account balance details on a pay-run basis from PWGSC's Payroll System-General Ledger (PS-GL).

Post-Payroll processing occurs in the department upon issuance of the employee pay payments and receipt of the detailed expenditure extract file. Under the Manage Post-Payroll subprocess, departments record the pay transactions in the Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System (DFMS); gross pay accounting entries including any cancelled payments for pay transactions are completed; responsibility centre managers complete account verification by performing the last steps of FAA section 34 verification; and the Pay Administration business process ends. In the event that quality assurance was not performed prior to issuance of payment, the process proceeds to Manage Post-payment Verification (Business Process 8.1). PS-GL control account balances are reconciled and accounted for as part of Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2).

An alternate view of the Pay Administration business process is as follows:

Figure 2: Pay Administration Flow

Figure 2: Pay Administration Flow
Text version: Figure 2: Pay Administration Flow

Note: FAA s. 34 refers to section 34 of the Financial Administration Act. FAA s. 33 refers to section 33 of that Act, and FAA s. 32 refers to section 32 of that Act.

The following clarifications of existing policy and procedures for Pay Administration are implicit in the Pay Administration flow diagram:

  1. A pay transaction may be initiated by a responsibility centre manager, by an employee, by Finance or by the Treasury Board.
  2. Certification and verification pursuant to FAA section 34 is delegated to the responsibility centre manager, and FAA section 34 verification for pay input purposes is delegated to compensation advisors. Authority to perform FAA section 34 verification can be delegated to positions in other departments. See footnote 3
  3. The pay verification step corresponds to the first part of FAA section 34 account verification. As such, evidence of pay verification must exist for every transaction. See footnote 4
  4. FAA section 34 certification is frequently derived from, or may be implicit in, the employee's original letter of offer-for example, for statutory pay increases.
  5. Transaction authority is obtained or exercised based on the delegation of HR or financial authorities within the department.
  6. Payment authorization under section 33 of the FAA can be recurring and occurs before PWGSC processes pay.
  7. To complete the responsibilities under FAA section 34 account verification, the responsibility centre manager must verify pay expenses for accuracy. See footnote 5

1. Date of Issue

This guideline was issued on January 28, 2013.

2. Context

This guideline is part of a set of guidelines designed to assist departments See footnote 6 in implementing common financial management business processes. This guideline supports the Policy on the Stewardship of Financial Management Systems and the Directive on the Stewardship of Financial Management Systems.

This guideline presents the "should be" model for Pay Administration, describing roles, responsibilities and recommended activities from a financial management perspective. Most activities are financial in nature, but some non-financial activities are included in order to provide a comprehensive process description; these activities are identified as outside the scope of Pay Administration. The recommended activities comply with the Financial Administration Act (FAA), other legislation and Government of Canada policy instruments.

Recognizing that deputy heads are ultimately responsible for all aspects of financial management systems within their department, standardizing and streamlining financial management system configurations, business processes and data across government provides significant direct and indirect benefits relative to the quality of financial management in the Government of Canada. By establishing a common set of rules, standardization reduces the multitude of different systems, business processes and data that undermine the quality and cost of decision-making information. As government-wide standardization increases, efficiency, integrity and interoperability are improved. See footnote 7

For the purposes of this guideline, "pay" and "payroll" are limited to gross pay and pay-related transactions identified in the Regional Pay System's detailed expenditure extract file, See footnote 8 which include the following:

  • Basic pay;
  • Allowances;
  • Supplementary pay (including overtime); and
  • Adjustments and credit backs, such as recoveries, garnishments and non-statutory deduction adjustments.

3. Introduction

3.1 Scope

This guideline defines the Common Financial Management Business Process for Pay Administration.

This guideline covers the following subprocess groups:

  • Manage Pay Administration Requirements
  • HR Pre-Payroll;
  • Pay Pre-Payroll;
  • Payroll; and
  • Post-Payroll.

Some financial management activities described in the business process are also related to internal controls. The intent is neither to provide a complete listing of controls nor to produce a control framework, but the process description may provide useful content for the development of a department's control framework.

3.2 Structure of the Guideline

The remainder of this guideline is structured as follows. Section 4 provides an overview of the organizational roles that carry out the Pay Administration business process. Section 5 presents a detailed description of the Pay Administration business process, including subprocess groups, subprocesses, activities and responsible roles. Appendix A provides definitions of terminology used in this guideline, and relevant abbreviations are listed in Appendix B. Appendix C describes the methodology used in the guideline, and Appendix D elaborates on the roles and responsibilities outlined in Section 4. Appendix E provides an analysis of pay transactions by originator type.

3.3 References

The following references apply to this guideline.

3.3.1 Acts and Regulations

3.3.2 Policy Instruments

3.3.3 Other References

4. Roles and Responsibilities

Figure 3 depicts the roles involved in the Pay Administration business process, grouped by stakeholder category.

Figure 3: Roles Involved in Pay Administration

Figure 3: Roles Involved in Pay Administration
Text version: Figure 3: Roles Involved in Pay Administration

In this guideline, a role is an individual or a group of individuals whose involvement in an activity is described using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted and Informed (RACI) approach. Because of differences among departments, a role may not correspond to a specific position, title or organizational unit. The roles and responsibilities for Pay Administration are briefly described in Sections 4.1 to 4.4 and are explained in more detail in Appendix D.

4.1 Requirements Framework

Overall policy and processes for Pay Administration are set by the Office of the Comptroller General and the Office of the Chief Human Resources Officer. Information management requirements are set by the Chief Information Officer Branch of the Treasury Board Secretariat.

4.2 Financial Management

The function of corporate finance, in support of the responsibilities of the chief financial officer (CFO), is to establish and ensure adequate financial controls for the departmental portion of the pay process. Payroll accounting and financial control over pay administration processes are part of financial management, whereas employee compensation policies and procedures are part of HR management. Consequently, the CFO and HR senior management share the responsibility for Pay Administration in departments.

Financial services (a generic identifier that may be termed otherwise by a department) is the departmental organization that ensures the day-to-day application of financial controls for pay-related expenditures.

For this guideline, the role of responsibility centre manager from a financial perspective refers to individuals who are delegated financial, spending and transaction authorities to initiate expenditures related to pay and are responsible for commitment control, recording of commitments, and Financial Administration Act (FAA) section 34. In a pay administration context, the responsibility centre manager role can include individuals occupying positions that are typically responsible for an organization (e.g., a responsibility centre) or for a department, as in the case of the deputy head.

4.3 Compensation

Government of Canada employees initiate or are the recipients of compensation actions.

From an HR perspective, the responsibility centre manager who has delegated expenditure initiation authority for pay transactions and FAA section 32 authority is accountable for the initiation of the majority of pay-related expenditures and for fulfilling the requirements of departmental commitment control and recording, as defined by the deputy head.

The compensation role establishes the pay entitlements and deductions, and the calculation of gross pay amounts. The compensation advisor typically receives the pay-related document from the responsibility centre manager; however, requests for pay transactions can also originate from employees, "court" See footnote 9 orders or the Treasury Board. The compensation advisor confirms that the payee is eligible for the payment, performs required calculations, and enters the transaction into the Regional Pay System.

The final role under compensation in Figure 3, other HR functions, includes classification, staffing, labour relations, official languages, training, and performance appraisal (including awards and recognition). This role provides critical information for responsibility centre managers, compensation, and employees (such as classification decisions, identification of successful candidates in a staffing action, decisions on disciplinary actions, or identification of recipients and amounts for special awards) that can lead to pay transactions. Note, however, that this role does not directly initiate any pay transactions. The establishment of pay entitlements and deductions and the calculation of gross pay amounts are activities under the compensation role.

4.4 Central Services

The Compensation Sector See footnote 10 of the Department of Public Works and Government Services (PWGSC) provides payroll, benefits and pension plan administration services for the Public Service of Canada.

The Central Accounting and Reporting Sector is responsible for the government-wide central accounting and reporting functions of the Receiver General for Canada.

The Banking and Cash Management Sector supports the government-wide treasury function of the Receiver General for Canada through the receipt, transfer, holding and disbursement of public money, and the redemption and settlement of all payments.

Refer to Appendix D of this guideline for comprehensive definitions of each role.

5. Process Flows and Descriptions

Appendix C describes the methodology used in this section.

5.1 Overview of Pay Administration

As illustrated in Figure 4, the Pay Administration Level 2 business process comprises 12 subprocesses (5.1.1 to 5.1.12). These are arranged in five subprocess groups:

  • Manage Pay Administration Requirements
  • HR Pre-Payroll;
  • Pay Pre-Payroll;
  • Payroll; and
  • Post-Payroll.

The subprocesses within each subprocess group and the roles and responsibilities relevant to each subprocess are summarized below.

Figure 4: Pay Administration - Level 2 Process Flow

Figure 4: Pay Administration - Level 2 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 4: Pay Administration - Level 2 Process Flow

Note: The symbol indicates that all four subprocesses should be completed before proceeding to the HR Pre-Payroll subprocess group symbol indicates that all four subprocesses should be completed before proceeding to the HR Pre-Payroll subprocess group.

The subprocesses within each subprocess group and the roles and responsibilities are summarized below.

Manage Pay Administration Requirements starts the Pay Administration business process by defining the pay administration requirements. The responsibility centre manager reviews the annual plan and approved budget, which is produced as part of Manage Planning and Budgeting (Business Process 1.1), and determines requirements for employees and positions. Once the pay requirement is decided, the responsibility centre manager exercises expenditure initiation and confirms the availability of funds. Commitments and salary forecast records are updated as per departmental procedures established by the deputy head.

Under HR Pre-Payroll, human resources (HR) actions are then undertaken. These HR subprocesses, as defined in the Common Human Resources Business Process, can lead to pay transactions by providing critical information for responsibility centre managers, compensation and employees (such as classification decisions, identification of successful candidates in a staffing action, decisions on disciplinary actions, or identification of recipients and amounts for special awards). The HR Pre-Payroll subprocesses terminate in confirmation of transaction authority; Financial Administration Act (FAA) section 34 certification; updates to commitments and salary management records in accordance with deputy head requirements; and a request for a pay transaction.

Pay Pre-payroll involves the resulting compensation activities whereby the requested pay transaction is processed, including part of FAA section 34 verification and the FAA section 33 certification.

Under Payroll, following FAA section 33 certification, the Department of Public Works and Government Services (PWGSC) calculates employee pay for the pay period, issues the pay register for validation from departmental compensation, and completes the processing for payments related to employee pay. Using the Regional Pay System, PWGSC provides departments with a detailed expenditure extract report that identifies gross pay-run information and cancelled payments. Departments also receive control account and account balance details on a pay-run basis from PWGSC's Payroll System-General Ledger (PS-GL).

Post-Payroll processing occurs in the department, upon issuance of the employee pay payments and receipt of the detailed expenditure extract file. Under the Manage Post-Payroll subprocess, departments record the pay transactions in the Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System (DFMS); gross pay accounting entries including any cancelled payments for pay transactions are completed; responsibility centre managers complete account verification by performing the last steps of FAA section 34 verification; and the Pay Administration business process ends. In the event that quality assurance was not performed prior to issuance of payment, the process proceeds to Manage Post-Payment Verification (Business Process 8.1). Payroll System-General Ledger (PS-GL) control account balances are reconciled and accounted for as part of Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2).

5.2 Alignment with the Common Human Resources Business Process

A number of subprocesses in the Manage Pay Administration Requirements, HR Pre-Payroll and Pay Pre-Payroll groups lead to or from processes that are described in the Common Human Resources Business Process (CHRBP). The CHRBP identifies seven cross-functional business processes, as illustrated in Figure 5. See footnote 11

Figure 5: CHRBP Business Processes

Figure 5: CHRBP Business Processes
Text version: Figure 5: CHRBP Business Processes

Subprocesses 5.1.1 to 5.1.5 under Manage Pay Administration Requirements flow from CHRBP processes under 1.0 Human Resources Planning, Work and Organizational Design and Reporting, specifically at 1.03 Conduct Organizational Design. Similarly, Subprocess 5.1.6 under HR Pre-Payroll and subprocesses 5.1.7 through 5.1.9 under Pay Pre-Payroll connect with many of the activities under the remaining six business processes of the CHRBP model. This guideline identifies the cross-over points between Finance and HR for the subprocesses described below, along with the applicable roles, responsibilities and authoritative sources.

5.3 Manage Pay Administration Requirements

Manage Pay Administration Requirements starts the Pay Administration business process by defining the pay administration requirements. The responsibility centre manager reviews the annual plan and approved budget, which is produced as part of Manage Planning and Budgeting (Business Process 1.1), and determines requirements for employees and positions. Once the pay requirement is decided, the responsibility centre manager exercises expenditure initiation and confirms the availability of funds. Commitments and salary forecast records are updated as per departmental procedures established by the deputy head.

The subprocesses and activities under Manage Pay Administration Requirements align with the CHRBP at 1.0 Human Resources Planning, Work and Organization Design and Reporting.

5.3.1 Determine HR Requirements (Subprocess 5.1.1)

5.3.1.1 Activities

Based on the approved budget and approved plan from Manage Planning and Budgeting (Business Process 1.1), or on direction from the Treasury Board to make a payment (e.g., retroactive pay related to a new collective agreement), the subprocess Determine HR Requirements defines HR requirements that will have an impact on pay. Figure 6 depicts the Level 3 process flow for Determine HR Requirements.

Figure 6: Determine HR Requirements (Subprocess 5.1.1) - Level 3 Process Flow

Figure 6: Determine HR Requirements (Subprocess 5.1.1) - Level 3 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 6: Determine HR Requirements (Subprocess 5.1.1) - Level 3 Process Flow

Pay-related activities begin when the responsibility centre manager reviews operational plans (Activity 5.1.1.1 - Operational Planning) at the beginning of the fiscal year. These plans provide the responsibility centre manager with a current and target organizational structure, including authority to increase (or reduce) the workforce in his or her organization. The responsibility centre manager updates the forecast and commitments as part of salary management for the fiscal year, in accordance with the deputy head's approach to recording commitments. The responsibility centre manager also reviews the operational plan on an ongoing basis, adjusting salary forecasts (Subprocess 5.1.5) and commitments (Subprocess 5.1.4) as required, often in tandem with revising staffing plans.

Manage Pay Administration Requirements overlaps with the second-level CHRBP process 1.03 Conduct Organization Design and, more specifically, with the third-level CHRBP process 1.03.03 Approve Organizational Design. This process provides the starting point for Pay Administration through documentation of an organizational model or structure that is approved by senior management. CHRBP 1.03.03 Approve Organizational Design includes the following:

  • Review organization package (CHRBP 1.03.03.01);
  • Sign off and confirm financial resources (FAA section 32) (CHRBP 1.03.03.02);
  • Prepare approach for transitioning to new organization (CHRBP 1.03.03.03);
  • New or amended organization structure? (a decision point in the process); and
  • Prepare action request (CHRBP 1.03.03.04).
5.3.1.2 Roles and Responsibilities

The responsibility centre manager, acting in both a financial and an HR capacity, works with HR, financial services and corporate finance to determine and confirm HR requirements. Table 1 provides an overview of roles and responsibilities, using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed (RACI) approach. These roles and responsibilities are further described in Appendix D.

Table 1: Determine HR Requirements (Subprocess 5.1.1) - RACI

Legend

  • CF: Corporate finance
  • DFMS: Departmental Financial Management and Materiel System
  • FIN: Financial services
  • HR: Other human resources functions
  • RCM: Responsibility centre manager
Activity Related Data Responsible Accountable Consulted Informed Authoritative Source
5.1.1.1 Operational Planning
  • Planned employee data
  • Planned position data
RCM RCM FIN, HR CF, HR DFMS

Refer to the HR Pre-Payroll and Pay Pre-Payroll RACI tables in section 5.4 and section 5.5 of this guideline for the HR and Finance activities associated with employee and position-related data.

5.3.2 Determine/Exercise Expenditure Initiation Authority (Subprocess 5.1.2)

Subprocess 5.1.2 occurs concurrently with Manage Funds Availability (Subprocess 5.1.3) and Manage Commitment (Subprocess 5.1.4).

5.3.2.1 Activities

Following the subprocess Determine HR Requirements, a decision leads to the initiation of a pay action. For example, a responsibility centre manager may submit a request to HR to staff a position, Finance may request refund of a recovery, the Treasury Board may sign a collective agreement that leads to salary increases, or a responsibility centre manager may approve an employee request to work overtime. These activities correspond toexpenditure initiation.

The responsibility centre manager requesting the pay action determines the appropriate expenditure initiation authority by referencing the department's financial management policies and delegation instruments, and exercises or obtains the authority. Figure 7 depicts the Level 3 process flow for Determine/Exercise Expenditure Initiation Authority.

Figure 7: Determine/Exercise Expenditure Initiation Authority (Subprocess 5.1.2) - Level 3 Process Flow

Figure 7: Determine/Exercise Expenditure Initiation Authority (Subprocess 5.1.2) - Level 3 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 7: Determine/Exercise Expenditure Initiation Authority (Subprocess 5.1.2) - Level 3 Process Flow

Within this subprocess, there are two types of authority: spending and financial. Spending authority consists of three elements: expenditure initiation authority, commitment authority and transaction authority. Financial authorities consist of certification and payment authority pursuant to sections 34 and 33 of the FAA. See footnote 12 Expenditure initiation authority is defined as "the authority to incur an expenditure or make an obligation to obtain goods or services that will result in the eventual expenditure of funds. This would include the decision . to order supplies or services." See footnote 13 The level of authority is based upon the department's delegation instruments approved by the minister and the deputy head. The creation and maintenance of the delegation instruments is excluded from the scope of Pay Administration. It is addressed in a separate process, Manage Delegation of Financial and Spending Authorities (Business Process 7.4).

When defining HR requirements, the responsibility centre manager must determine the appropriate expenditure initiation authority by consulting the delegation instruments (Activity 5.1.2.1 - Determine Required Expenditure Initiation Authority). See footnote 14 When the responsibility centre manager does not possess the required expenditure initiation authority, the appropriate authorities must be obtained (Activity 5.1.2.2 - Exercise or Obtain Expenditure Initiation Authority). See footnote 15 When the authority to initiate the expenditure cannot be obtained, the HR requirement may be redefined and/or the expenditure initiation process ends.

Once the appropriate expenditure initiation authority has been exercised, it is essential to also determine whether there are sufficient unencumbered funds to proceed with the pay transaction (refer to Section 5.3.3). Responsibility centre managers may also manage commitments (refer to section 5.3.4) and update salary forecasts (refer to section 5.3.5).

5.3.2.2 Roles and Responsibilities

The responsibility centre manager works with financial services and corporate finance to determine/exercise expenditure initiation authority and informs compensation of the outcome. Table 2 provides an overview of roles and responsibilities, using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed (RACI) approach. These roles and responsibilities are further described in Appendix D.

Table 2: Determine /Exercise Expenditure Initiation Authority (Subprocess 5.1.2) - RACI

Legend

  • CF: Corporate finance
  • COMP: Compensation
  • DFMS: Departmental Financial Management and Materiel System
  • FIN: Financial services
  • RCM: Responsibility centre manager
Activity Related Data Responsible Accountable Consulted Informed Authoritative Source
5.1.2.1 Determine Required Expenditure Initiation Authority
  • Delegation instruments
  • HR request (description, type of change or service, estimated cost, quantity, etc.)
RCM RCM CF, FIN COMP DFMS
5.1.2.2
Exercise or Obtain Expenditure Initiation Authority
  • Delegation instruments
RCM RCM CF, FIN COMP DFMS

5.3.3 Manage Funds Availability (Subprocess 5.1.3)

5.3.3.1 Activities

Before approving a letter of offer, an overtime request, or another request for a pay action that serves as a contractual arrangement or obligation, the responsibility centre manager confirms the availability of funds in accordance with the framework established by the deputy head in his or her organization.

Figure 8 depicts the Level 3 process flow for Manage Funds Availability.

Figure 8: Manage Funds Availability (Subprocess 5.1.3) - Level 3 Process Flow

Figure 8: Manage Funds Availability (Subprocess 5.1.3) - Level 3 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 8: Manage Funds Availability (Subprocess 5.1.3) - Level 3 Process Flow

Note: The authorization is pursuant to section 32 of the FAA once both the expenditure initiation and the commitment control is completed.

The deputy head is responsible for the development and implementation of departmental policies and procedures for the control of commitments. In addition, departments must See footnote 16 have the appropriate processes in place to verify the availability of funds at the time of expenditure initiation and prior to entering into a contract. See footnote 17 Commitment authority is delegated in writing to departmental officials by the deputy head. The responsibility centre manager requesting the pay transaction must ensure that there is a sufficient unencumbered balance available (Activity 5.1.3.1 - Determine Funds Availability) to proceed with the pay transaction. See footnote 18 Commitment control is an ongoing activity throughout the Pay Administration business process, which includes accounting for those commitments.

In the event there are insufficient funds, it is necessary to reallocate or adjust budgets, revise the approved budget and HR requirements through Manage Forecasting and Budget Review (Business Process 1.2), or stop the pay action.

If there are sufficient unencumbered funds, department-specific functions related to commitments are carried out. It is key to ensure that there is appropriate evidence to support the authorization pursuant to section 32 of the FAA (Activity 5.1.3.2 - Provide Authorization).

5.3.3.2 Roles and Responsibilities

The responsibility centre manager works with financial services and corporate finance to manage funds availability, and informs compensation of the outcome. Table 3 provides an overview of roles and responsibilities, using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed (RACI) approach. These roles and responsibilities are further described in Appendix D.

Table 3: Manage Funds Availability (Subprocess 5.1.3) - RACI

Legend

  • CF: Corporate finance
  • COMP: Compensation
  • DFMS: Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System
  • FIN: Financial services
  • N/A : Not applicable
  • RCM: Responsibility centre manager
Activity Related Data Responsible Accountable Consulted Informed Authoritative Source
5.1.3.1 Determine Funds Availability
  • Financial coding
  • Financial data (budget, commitments, actuals to date)
  • Requisition amount
RCM RCM FIN N/A DFMS
5.1.3.2 Provide Authorization (FAA section 32)
  • Description and type of good and/or service
  • Estimated cost
  • Delegation instrument
  • Financial coding (authority, object, sub-program, responsibility centre, etc.)
  • Specimen signature documents
RCM RCM CF COMP DFMS

5.3.4 Manage Commitment (Subprocess 5.1.4)

5.3.4.1 Activities

Commitment control and recording of commitments apply from Manage Pay Administration Requirements through to Post-Payroll. For the purposes of this guideline, however, commitment control and recording of commitments are described in this section only.

The approach to commitment control and recording of commitments will vary from department to department due to deputy head responsibility for developing and implementing departmental policies and procedures. See footnote 19 Departments must have the appropriate procedures in place to verify the availability of funds before entering into a contractual arrangement, See footnote 20 such as a letter of offer or other obligating document (e.g., overtime request). It is recognized that it may be impractical to record commitments for salaries and wages on an individual basis; therefore, departments can implement alternative means for taking the effect of these commitments into account. Commitments can be recorded based on the department's operational plan and the financial implications of the approved organizational structure (although this may include positions that are not yet formally classified).

Commitment amounts are further adjusted as part of the HR Pre-Payroll, Pay Pre-Payroll and Post-Payroll subprocesses.

As funds availability is being confirmed, commitments are recorded and updated by the responsibility centre manager in accordance with departmental policy. Figure 9 depicts the Level 3 process flow for Manage Commitment.

Figure 9: Manage Commitment (Subprocess 5.1.4) - Level 3 Process Flow

Figure 9: Manage Commitment (Subprocess 5.1.4) - Level 3 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 9: Manage Commitment (Subprocess 5.1.4) - Level 3 Process Flow

The responsibility centre manager is accountable for ensuring the commitment is recorded in accordance with departmental policy and procedure, including continuing commitments that impact future fiscal years. Over the course of the Pay Administration business process, the commitment is monitored and updated (Activity 5.1.4.1 - Record/Update Commitment) as needed.

Once the detailed expenditure extract file has been received, commitments are updated and closed out (Activity 5.1.4.2 - Close Out Commitment). The end objective of the expenditure initiation and commitment control subprocesses is that all commitments are managed and that responsibility centre managers do not exceed their allocated budgets and, by extension, the department does not exceed its appropriations.

5.3.4.2 Roles and Responsibilities

The responsibility centre manager works with financial services and compensation to manage commitments related to pay and informs other responsibility centre managers, including his or her management, of the outcome. Table 4 provides an overview of roles and responsibilities, using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed (RACI) approach. These roles and responsibilities are further described in Appendix D.

Table 4: Manage Commitment (Subprocess 5.1.4) - RACI

Legend

  • COMP: Compensation
  • DFMS: Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System
  • FIN: Financial services
  • RCM: Responsibility centre manager
Activity Related Data Responsible Accountable Consulted Informed Authoritative Source
5.1.4.1 Record/ Update Commitment
  • Commitment authorization
  • Financial coding
  • Financial data (budget, commitments, actuals to date)
  • Pay expenditures
  • Pay requirements
  • Services received data
RCM RCM COMP, FIN RCM DFMS
5.1.4.2 Close Out Commitment
  • Commitment data
  • Contract data
  • Financial data (budget, commitments, actuals to date)
RCM RCM  FIN RCM DFMS

5.3.5 Update Salary Forecast (Subprocess 5.1.5)

5.3.5.1 Activities

Commitment control and salary management overlap with the operational planning processes defined by the CHRBP. The subprocess Update Salary Forecast occurs throughout the Pay Administration business process. For the purposes of this guideline, however, Update Salary Forecast is described in this section only.

The approved organizational structure from the department's operational plan provides data that are required for salary forecasting. Salary forecasts and commitments are determined by the organizational structure and are updated for planned actions for current and future years. In HR Pre-Payroll and Pay Pre-Payroll processing, the organizational structure and related financial implications, including forecasts and commitments in the Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System (DFMS), are updated for requested changes in employee pay information or an HR event with pay implications (e.g., staffing, separation, performance pay, an employee-initiated event, or an employer event). Figure 10 depicts the Level 3 process flow for Update Salary Forecast.

Figure 10: Update Salary Forecast (Subprocess 5.1.5) - Level 3 Process Flow

Figure 10: Update Salary Forecast (Subprocess 5.1.5) - Level 3 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 10: Update Salary Forecast (Subprocess 5.1.5) - Level 3 Process Flow

5.3.5.2 Roles and Responsibilities

The responsibility centre manager works with HR and financial services to update and maintain the salary forecast, and informs management of the outcome. Table 5 provides an overview of roles and responsibilities, using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed (RACI) approach. These roles and responsibilities are further described in Appendix D.

Table 5: Update Salary Forecast (Subprocess 5.1.5) - RACI

Legend

  • CF: Corporate finance
  • COMP: Compensation
  • DFMS: Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System
  • FIN: Financial services
  • HR: Other human resources functions
  • RCM: Responsibility centre manager
Activity Related Data Responsible Accountable Consulted Informed Authoritative Source
5.1.5.1 Maintain Salary Forecast Planned employee- and position-related dataA RCM RCM COMP, FIN, HR CF, HR DFMS
5.1.5.1 Maintain Salary Forecast Planned employee- and position-related dataA RCM RCM COMP, FIN, HR CF, HR DFMS
Forecast amounts RCM RCM COMP, FIN, HR CF DFMS

Note A: Financial implications of the organizational structure are determined (refer to Section 5.3.1), and commitments and forecasts are adjusted accordingly (refer to Section 5.3.4 and Section 5.3.5).

The DFMS is the authoritative source for planned information only. Once the plan is acted on as part of the HR Pre-Payroll and Pay Pre-Payroll subprocess groups, the authoritative source for this information becomes the Human Resources Management System (HRMS).

5.4 HR Pre-Payroll

Pre-Payroll subprocesses are undertaken by departmental staff, including HR officers, compensation advisors, responsibility centre managers and financial officers, as well as by Department of Public Works and Government Services pay offices. These subprocesses are bundled into two subprocess groups: HR Pre-Payroll and Pay Pre-Payroll. This section describes the HR Pre-Payroll subprocesses, where HR, Finance and mangers work together to initiate pay activities including exercising transaction (e.g., staffing) authority. From a financial perspective, these subprocesses include requirements under the FAA and related Treasury Board policies for expenditure initiation; FAA sections 32 and 34; and salary management.

5.4.1 Manage HR Pre-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.6)

5.4.1.1 Activities

Manage HR Pre-Payroll begins with Activity 5.1.6.1 - Determine Required Transaction Authority. The required transaction authority must be determined by the responsibility centre manager in conjunction with HR. Transaction authority is the authority to enter into contracts or to sign off on legal entitlements. See footnote 21 In the context of pay, transaction authority is derived from HR delegations of authority (referred to as "delegations"), such as staffing delegations or classification delegations.

As part of defining the requirement, the requesting responsibility centre manager should ensure that he or she has been delegated the appropriate transaction authority, as determined by the approved delegation of authorities of the department. See footnote 22 When the responsibility centre manager does not possess the required transaction authority, the appropriate signatures of those with delegated authority must be obtained. See footnote 23 In some situations, the transaction authority may not be granted, and the Manage HR Pre-Payroll subprocess ends.

Following Activity 5.1.6.1 - Determine Required Transaction Authority, the subprocess Manage HR Pre-Payroll crosses over to HR. Within the context of an approved operational plan and organizational model, a responsibility centre manager or HR initiates one of the following CHRBP processes:

  • Define and Maintain Position Information (CHRBP 2.05);
  • Select Candidate(s) (CHRBP 3.04);
  • Document and Integrate Employees (CHRBP 3.05);
  • Manage Employee Performance (CHRBP 5.03);
  • Manage Employee Learning and Development (CHRBP 5.04);
  • Manage Employee Recognition (CHRBP 5.05);
  • Manage Permanent Separation (CHRBP 6.01);
  • Process Temporary Separations (CHRBP 6.02);
  • Manage Grievances (CHRBP 7.01);
  • Manage Complaints (CHRBP 7.02);
  • Manage Employee Discipline (CHRBP 7.03);
  • Manage Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Events (CHRBP 7.05);
  • Manage Modified Work Arrangements (CHRBP 7.06); and
  • Manage Continuous Employment (including workforce adjustments) (CHRBP 7.07).

The HR Pre-Payroll subprocess group is completed when the responsibility centre manager obtains or exercises both transaction authority and FAA section 34 certification of the pay-related document. This could be the responsibility centre manager signing a letter of offer for a new hire, signing a request for overtime payment or signing a request for cash-out of compensatory or vacation time at year-end. Through analysis of the pay-related processes and confirmation of applicable policies and legislation, it is confirmed that FAA section 34 certification and verification is delegated to a responsibility centre manager and that FAA section 34 verification for pay input is delegated to compensation advisors.

Further, in the context of pay, FAA section 34 certification may be a one-time certification (e.g., payment of overtime, cash-out of accumulated compensatory time or cash-out of accumulated vacation time) or may originate from the FAA section 34 certification on the letter of offer. By signing the letter of offer, the responsibility centre manager has certified that the employee's pay is in accordance with the collective agreement (or terms and conditions) specified. These terms and conditions may be applied at different points in time throughout the duration of employment under the letter of offer. For example, when a pay transaction is later entered to provide an employee with payment for an allowance, the FAA section 34 certification is derived from the original letter of offer. Similarly, the FAA section 34 certification from the letter of offer is applied when pay transactions are required to reflect new collective agreements or statutory increases, for example.

Figure 11 depicts the Level 3 process flow for Manage HR Pre-Payroll.

Figure 11: Manage HR Pre-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.6) - Level 3 Process Flow

Figure 11: Manage HR Pre-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.6) - Level 3 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 11: Manage HR Pre-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.6) - Level 3 Process Flow

The CHRBP processes included in Manage HR Pre-Payroll interrelate with each other in ways that are not depicted in Figure 11 and are therefore out of the scope of this guideline. For more information, readers can refer to the CHRBP documentation. See footnote 24 The balance of this section provides details and descriptions of the HR processes depicted in Figure 11 that were taken from the CHRBP. See footnote 25 Updates to these processes and future changes may apply to this guideline. See footnote 26

CHRBP 2.05 Define and Maintain Position Information

"This process involves initially documenting or updating.the position information. This involves activities associated with confirming key position attributes such as geographic location, security requirements and position language requirement, and verifying this information with subject matter experts, as appropriate (for OL [official languages] and security, for instance). Note: this process may also involve updating position information that results in changes to compensation or involve deleting a vacant or obsolete position." See footnote 27

This process includes the following:

  • Confirm position-related information (CHRBP 2.05.01); and
  • Document position information (CHRBP 2.05.02).
CHRBP 3.04 Select Candidate(s)

"This process includes identifying a selected candidate(s), completing the notification process, confirming the terms and conditions of employment, and preparing the letter of offer and candidate acceptance." See footnote 28

This process includes the following:

  • Select candidate (CHRBP 3.04.01);
  • Conduct notifications (CHRBP 3.04.02); and
  • Extend employment offer (CHRBP 3.04.03).
CHRBP 3.05 Document and Integrate Employee(s)

"This process covers the full documentation and orientation of the employee, whether he/she is a new GoC [Government of Canada] employee or an existing employee going to a new role in current [department] or different [department] (cross-boarding). The process includes the creation of the employee's 'Employee Record,' their enrolment into pay, benefits and pension, as well as the setting up of their workplace (desk, computer, equipment), and their orientation to the new job." See footnote 29

This process includes the following:

  • Document/update employee record (CHRBP 3.05.01);
  • Establish employee workspace (CHRBP 3.05.02); and
  • Orient employee (CHRBP3.05.03).
CHRBP 5.03 Manage Employee Performance

"Triggered by the annual performance measurement cycle, and supported with information from other HR processes, this process involves conducting performance reviews based on schedules established in the performance agreement or a performance event (an employee excelling in or not meeting objectives), and the completion of the assessment of the performance of an employee against commitment/objectives. Based on the results of these reviews and assessment, the process covers the actions implemented to address a competency issue or performance that meets or exceeds performance expectations. Should there be other performance issues the manager will consider next steps, which are addressed in the appropriate process such as Process 7.0 (discipline) or Process 6.0 (End of probation)." See footnote 30

This process includes the following:

  • Review employee performance (CHRBP 5.03.01);
  • Conduct annual performance assessment (CHRBP 5.03.02); and
  • Determine actions to address performance results (CHRBP 5.03.03).
CHRBP 5.04 Manage Employee Learning and Development

"Based on the learning activities identified in the performance agreement, the employee registers for learning events [and] initiates developmental opportunities and education leave. This process also includes the completion of pre-work and post-learning discussion with manager to ensure transference of knowledge and skills to the position." See footnote 31

This process includes the following:

  • Coordinate learning and development activity (CHRBP 5.04.01); and
  • Conduct post-learning and development review (CHRBP 5.04.02).
CHRBP 5.05 Manage Employee Recognition

"Triggered by calls for nominations for formal recognition awards, long service awards, noteworthy performance events or merit- worthy performance identified in a performance review or assessment, this process involves the activities associated with identifying, documenting and awarding employees for both formal and informal recognition. A record of recognition information triggers Process 4.0 to assess taxable implications." See footnote 32

This process includes the following:

  • Determine recognition (CHRBP 5.05.01); and
  • Recognize employee (CHRBP 5.05.02).

Note that cash awards may also be processed as accounts payable processes. These transactions are addressed in Manage Other Payments (Business Process 3.3).

CHRBP 6.01 Manage Permanent Separation

"Triggered by.Process 5.0 (Performance assessment results-probation period), Process 7.0 (workforce adjustment, disciplinary action), an employee life event (e.g. resignation, retirement, death) or corporate event (end of term), this process involves activities associated with initiating, documenting and processing a separation (to the point of calculating severance and final payments), recovering assets and conducting employee exit interviews, prior to triggering activities in Process 4.0 and informing third parties. If the permanent separation is a transfer, this process forwards employee documents to [the] receiving department." See footnote 33

This process includes the following:

  • Create separation notification (CHRBP 6.01.01);
  • Process final payments (for permanent separation) (CHRBP 6.01.02);
  • Process transfer-out adjustments (CHRBP 6.01.03);
  • Prepare final documentation (CHRBP 6.01.04); and
  • Conduct exit interview (CHRBP 6.01.05).
CHRBP 6.02 Process Temporary Separation

"Triggered from Process 7.0 (approved absence with pay, approved leave without pay, disciplinary action), Workers' Compensation Board (WCB) approved claim, or a workplace event (end of term), this process includes activities associated with documenting and processing a temporary separation (including leave with income averaging (LIA), pre-retirement transition leave (PRTL), determining pension deficiencies and insurance maintenance payments) and recovering assets, if required, prior to triggering activities in Process 4.0 and informing third parties." See footnote 34

This process includes the following:

  • Process absence with pay OR leave without pay (CHRBP 6.02.01); and
  • Process leave without pay pension and insurance options (CHRBP 6.02.02).
CHRBP 7.01 Manage Grievances

"Triggered by a workplace event by itself, this process involves initiating a grievance, logging it, assessing it, making a decision on the grievance at the various levels, and the decision to escalate or referring it to adjudication. Once decisions are rendered, there is a decision around whether to file an appeal to Federal Court for errors of law or procedure, or if a court order is required to enforce the decision." See footnote 35

This process includes the following:

  • Initiate grievance (CHRBP 7.01.01);
  • Receipt of grievance (CHRBP 7.01.02);
  • Assess grievance and make decision (CHRBP 7.01.03);
  • Prepare for classification grievance hearing (CHRBP 7.01.04);
  • Conduct classification grievance hearing (CHRBP 7.01.05);
  • Delegated authority decision (CHRBP 7.01.06);
  • Review decision (CHRBP 7.01.07);
  • Notice to Canadian Human Rights Commission (CHRC) (CHRBP 7.01.08);
  • Adjudicate grievance (CHRBP 7.01.09);
  • Update employee record (CHRBP 7.01.10); and
  • Withdrawal of grievance (CHRBP 7.01.11).
CHRBP 7.02 Manage Complaints

"[This process is] triggered by [a] workplace or employer event or an internal appointment-related event. The process involves logging a complaint (PSLRB [Public Service Labour Relations Board], CHRC, staffing or harassment complaint) [and] forwarding it to the appropriate party who assesses/investigates the complaint and may adjudicate or render a decision depending on the nature of the complaint. Once decisions are rendered there is a decision around whether to file an appeal to Federal Court for errors of law or procedure." See footnote 36

This process includes the following:

Submit complaint (CHRBP 7.02.01);
  • Review PSLRB final decision (CHRBP 7.02.02);
  • Review CHRC final decision (CHRBP 7.02.03);
  • Review Public Service Staffing Tribunal (PSST) final decision (CHRBP 7.02.04);
  • Review of harassment complaint (CHRBP 7.02.05);
  • Conduct harassment complaint investigation (CHRBP 7.02.06);
  • Render decision on harassment complaint (CHRBP 7.02.07);
  • Withdrawal of complaint (CHRBP 7.02.08); and
  • Update employee record (CHRBP 7.02.09).
CHRBP 7.03 Manage Employee Discipline

"Triggered by an employee or workplace event, or a decision that misconduct may have occurred, this process involves determining the need and nature of disciplinary action, and undertaking any action deemed appropriate given the circumstances of the alleged misconduct." See footnote 37

This process includes the following:

  • Conduct investigation (CHRBP 7.03.01);
  • Determine appropriate action (CHRBP 7.03.02); and
  • Notify employee of determination and undertake any applicable action (CHRBP 7.03.03).
CHRBP 7.05 Manage OHS Events

"Triggered by an employee life or workplace event, this process includes those activities associated with 'Proactive Prevention' in terms of preventing hazardous occurrences. It includes recording and managing OHS events, including taking action to prevent additional events and reporting the event. Depending on the nature of the OHS event, it may involve providing employee assistance, which may result in a WCB [Workers' Compensation Board] claim. Monitoring workplace safety and hazard prevention is also included in this process. Also included is the discovery of hazards in the workplace, and its potential impact of the root cause of the presence of the hazard." See footnote 38

This process includes the following:

  • Investigate potential and/or actual hazardous situation (CHRBP 7.05.01);
  • Analyze potential/actual hazardous situation and determine required action (CHRBP 7.05.02);
  • Administer employee OHS support (CHRBP 7.05.03); and
  • Monitor workplace safety and hazard prevention (CHRBP 7.05.04).

The financial management activities that address OHS events are described in Manage Other Payments (Business Process 3.3).

CHRBP 7.06 Manage Modified Work Arrangements

"Triggered by an employee life or workplace event, this process involves assessing the need for specific work arrangements and/or accommodations of an employee, including both physical changes (to workstation), technical changes to software or computer, and possible changes for flexible work arrangements (inclusive of rebundling of duties within a work unit). Note that this includes links to facilities-materiel management, adaptive technology, workforce scheduling, and returns to work, etc." See footnote 39

This process includes the following:

  • Assess request, consult with subject matter experts and provide modified work arrangement/accommodation requirements (CHRBP 7.06.01); and
  • Plan and follow up modified work arrangement/accommodation (CHRBP 7.06.02).
CHRBP 7.07 Manage Continuous Employment (including workforce adjustments)

"This process is based on Parts 1 through 6 of the Work Force Adjustment Directive. Based on input from the Workplace and Workforce Plan (WFA Plan), this process involves assessing specific implications of a workforce adjustment situation, the notification requirements (to employees, unions, TBS [the Treasury Board Secretariat], PSC [the Public Service Commission]), and the activities associated with providing a guarantee of a reasonable job offer. This process also includes decisions by affected employees based on the options provided, which may lead to staffing in a new location (3.01 Confirm Staffing Approach), integrating the employee into a new position (3.04 Select Candidates) or supporting the employee in a permanent (6.01) or temporary separation (6.02)." See footnote 40

This process includes the following:

  • Establish business transformation plan (CHRBP 7.07.01);
  • Identify affected employees (CHRBP 7.07.02); and
  • Select option (CHRBP 7.07.03).
5.4.1.2 Roles and Responsibilities

This subprocess includes the steps required to document the request for the pay action. Table 6 provides an overview of roles and responsibilities, using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed (RACI) approach. These roles and responsibilities are further described in Appendix D.

Table 6: Manage HR Pre-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.6) - RACI

Legend

  • CF: Corporate finance
  • COMP: Compensation
  • DFMS: Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System
  • EE: Employee
  • FIN: Financial services
  • HR: Other human resources functions
  • HRMS: Human Resources Management System
  • CLR: Compensation and Labour Relations Sector
  • RCM: Responsibility centre manager
  • S1: Scenario 1
  • S2: Scenario 2
ActivityRelated DataResponsibleAccountableConsultedInformedAuthoritative Source
5.1.6.1 Determine Required Transaction AuthorityHR delegations HRHRCOMPCF, RCMHRMS
Delegation instrument FINCFCOMPCOMP, HRDFMS
Specimen signature documentsFINFINCOMPRCMCOMP, HRDFMS
5.1.6.2 Exercise or Obtain Transaction AuthorityHR delegations HRHRCOMPCF, RCMHRMS
Delegation of HR authorities instrument HRHRCOMPCOMP, HRDFMS
5.1.6.3 Exercise or Obtain FAA Section 34 Authority
  • Supporting employee and position documentation (from request for payment, letter of offer, request for overtime payment, etc.)
  • Expenditure initiation authority
COMP, RCMRCMFINCF, HRHRMS
 Delegation instrument FINCFCF, FINCOMPDFMS
 Specimen signature documents FINFINCOMPRCMCOMP, HRDFMS
Pay-related action request
(CHRBP activity)
Action request (staffing, classification, schedule request, etc.)RCMRCMCOMP, EE, HRCOMP, EE, FINHRMS
Entitlement request S1: RCM S2: EES1: RCM S2: EES1: COMP S2: COMPS1: EE, FIN, HR, RCM

S2: EE, FIN, HR, RCM
S1: HRMS S2: HRMS
Court order (settlement, garnishment)COMPCOMPHRRCM, EE, FINHRMS
New collective agreement /
restatement of entitlements
COMPCLRHRRCM, FIN, EE, CFTreasury Board document

5.5 Pay Pre-Payroll

Pre-Payroll subprocesses are undertaken by departmental staff, including HR officers, compensation advisors, responsibility centre managers and financial officers, as well as by Department of Public Works and Government Services (PWGSC) pay offices. These subprocesses are bundled into two subprocess groups: HR Pre-Payroll and Pay Pre-Payroll. This section describes the Pay Pre-Payroll subprocesses, where HR, Finance and mangers work together to finalize the pay transaction for PWGSC processing. From a financial perspective, these subprocesses include requirements under the FAA and related Treasury Board policies for FAA sections 32 and 34 and salary management.

5.5.1 Manage Pay Pre-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.7)

5.5.1.1 Activities

The Pay Pre-Payroll subprocess group flows from the HR Pre-Payroll subprocess group (as described in section 5.4) and ends with the HR processes Administer Pay (CHRBP 4.02) or Maintain Employee Compensation Information (CHRBP 4.01). These processes are described under CHRBP 4.0 Total Compensation. See footnote 41

The pay processes include requirements under the FAA and related Treasury Board policies for the following:

  • Expenditure initiation;
  • FAA section 32;
  • FAA section 34; and
  • Salary management.

Under this subprocess group, the compensation advisor receives the pay-related document, in most cases from the responsibility centre manager. In cases where the employee initiates a pay action or where the transaction originates from the Treasury Board (or the employer) and affects the responsibility centre manager's budget, it is important that compensation ensure the responsibility centre manager is advised of the transaction. The compensation advisor confirms that the payee is indeed eligible for the payment, performs any required calculations, and enters the transaction into the Regional Pay System (RPS). Compensation refers to this step as "pay input."

Figure 12: Manage Pay Pre-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.7) - Level 3 Process Flow

Figure 12: Manage Pay Pre-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.7) - Level 3 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 12: Manage Pay Pre-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.7) - Level 3 Process Flow

The balance of this section provides details and descriptions of the pay and benefits processes depicted in Figure 12 that were taken from the CHRBP.Updates to these processes and future changes may apply.

CHRBP 4.01 Maintain Employee Compensation Information

"Triggered by an employee or workplace event that impacts employee information, this process involves assessing the compensation implications of the change and triggering the processing of payments (in 4.02) or updating information with third party providers (insurers, PWGSC Superannuation Directorate)." See footnote 42

This process includes the following:

  • Initiate pay or deduction request/information change (CHRBP 4.01.01);
  • Review employee payment request (CHRBP 4.01.02); and
  • Process pay request/deduction request/information change (CHRBP 4.01.03).

As depicted in Figure 12, specific Treasury Board financial management policies and requirements under the FAA apply to the following functions of Maintain Employee Compensation Information (CHRBP 4.01):

  • Initiation of the pay request (expenditure initiation in relation to staff and pay activities);
  • Confirmation of the availability of funds and corresponding record of, and adjustment to, commitments before approving pay-related action requests, such as overtime or a letter of offer; and
  • FAA section 34 verification and certification that services have been provided by the employee.
CHRBP 4.02 Administer Pay

"Triggered by a change in employee compensation information or an HR event with pay implications (e.g., staffing, separation, performance pay), this process involves documenting the transaction and initiating the payment (through PWGSC-RPS, financial institutions). This process also involves maintaining leave balances." See footnote 43

This process includes the following:

  • Prepare pay information for processing (CHRBP 4.02.01);
  • Release, cancellation and duplicate payment processing (CHRBP 4.02.02);
  • Maintain employee leave banks (CHRBP 4.02.03); and
  • Mandatory liquidation of leave and annual leave activities (CHRBP 4.02.04).

As depicted in Figure 12, specific Treasury Board financial management policies and requirements under the FAA apply to the Pay Administration function FAA section 34 verification.

5.5.1.2 Roles and Responsibilities

Triggered by a request from an employee, a responsibility centre manager, or the Treasury Board (or employer) and often following HR Pre-Payroll subprocesses (refer to section 5.4 of this guideline), Manage Pay Pre-Payroll includes the requisite steps performed by the compensation advisor to document the transaction and initiate the payment through the PWGSC, the RPS and a financial institution. The following common HR and Finance touch points and corresponding data were identified. The employee and position information identified is specific to the information shared between HR and Finance. Table 7 provides an overview of roles and responsibilities for information shared between HR and Finance during the Manage Pay Pre-Payroll subprocess, using the RACI approach. These roles and responsibilities are further described in Appendix D.

Table 7: Manage Pay Pre-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.7) - RACI

Legend

  • CF: Corporate finance
  • COMP: Compensation
  • DFMS: Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System
  • EE: Employee
  • FIN: Financial services
  • HR: Other human resources functions
  • HRMS: Human Resources Management System
  • N/A: Not applicable
  • PAY: Compensation Sector (PWGSC)
  • PRI: Personal record identifier
  • RCM: Responsibility centre manager
  • RG-CS: Receiver General-Compensation Systems
ActivityRelated DataResponsibleAccountableConsultedInformedAuthoritative Source
Employee Information
  • Attributes
  • End date
  • Name
  • Start date
COMPCOMPEE, RCMPAY, FIN,
HR
HRMS
  • Pay office
COMPPAYN/AFIN, HR, RCMRG-CS
  • Increment date
  • Pay list
COMPCOMPN/AFIN, HR, PAY, RCMHRMS
  • EntitlementsA
    (includes base pay)
COMPCOMPHR, RCMFIN, HR,
PAY
HRMS
  • PRI
COMPPAYEEEE, FIN, HR, PAY,
RCM
RG-CS
(Central Index)
Position Information
  • Financial codingB
RCM, COMP  RCMFINFIN, HR,
PAY
DFMS
  • AttributesC
  • Classification / Bargaining Unit Designator (BUD) code
  • Position number
HR, COMPHRRCMCOMP,
FIN
HRMS

Notes:

  1. Employee entitlements include any amounts paid to the employee, including base pay, because of his or her status or achievements. Examples include bilingual bonus and supervisory differential.
  2. Financial coding assigned to a position (e.g., responsibility centre (RC), program, project) may or may not be included in the detailed pay expenditure file. If the financial coding is to be included in the detailed pay expenditure file, the compensation role must input this data into the RPS. See footnote 44
  3. Position attributes refer to characteristics of the position that affect pay once the position is encumbered-for example, exclusion status, geographic region (for certain classifications) and specific additional pay entitlements, such as isolation pay.

5.5.2 Perform Account Verification (Compensation) (Subprocess 5.1.8)

5.5.2.1 Activities

Account verification of pay transactions is performed by the compensation advisor and the responsibility centre manager. Compensation advisors validate that the payee is eligible for the payment and that the payment conforms to legislation, policies and collective agreements (e.g., meal allowances related to extra duty pay). However, the responsibility centre manager is ultimately accountable for the accuracy and completeness of all payroll transactions (e.g., that the employee is no longer employed by the department).

The guideline reflects this shared responsibility in Perform Account Verification (Compensation) (Subprocess 5.1.8) and Complete Account Verification (Subprocess 5.1.12).

Perform Account Verification (Compensation) corresponds to the compensation advisor's verification of the transaction as part of what the compensation community calls its "pay verification" process. First, compensation advisors confirm eligibility, and calculate and enter the transaction into the pay system (compensation's "pay input"). Then compensation advisors verify the transaction (i.e., "pay verification").

"Pay input" and "pay verification" constitute the first part of FAA section 34 account verification. Compensation advisors fulfilling this responsibility require FAA section 34 delegation for the purposes of pay verification. Authority to perform FAA section 34 verification can be delegated to positions in other departments. See footnote 45 Auditable evidence See footnote 46 of verification must exist for each pay transaction.

Figure 13 depicts the Level 3 process flow for Perform Account Verification (Compensation).

Figure 13: Perform Account Verification (Compensation) (Subprocess 5.1.8) - Level 3 Process Flow

Figure 13: Perform Account Verification (Compensation) (Subprocess 5.1.8) - Level 3 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 13: Perform Account Verification (Compensation) (Subprocess 5.1.8) - Level 3 Process Flow

Perform Account Verification (Compensation) begins when the employees, the responsibility centre managers, the Treasury Board and/or the courts send to compensation a request for a pay transaction (e.g., a signed letter of offer, a request for overtime payment, a request to cash out accumulated compensatory time, a request to cash out vacation time, a garnishment order See footnote 47). This request has been certified under FAA section 34.

For Pay Administration, account verification provides the necessary evidence required to demonstrate that the work has been performed; that the payee is entitled to, or eligible for, the payment; that the relevant contract or agreement terms and conditions have been met; that the transaction is accurate; and that all authorities have been complied with.

All payments and settlements must be certified pursuant to section 34 of the FAA. Primary responsibility for verifying individual accounts rests with responsibility centre managers (acting in a financial management capacity) who have the authority to confirm and certify entitlement pursuant to section 34 of the FAA. See footnote 48 Although account verification is normally performed prior to payment, completing account verification after the payment has been made is permitted in certain situations, such as with pay, provided that the claim for payment is reasonable and meets the criteria outlined in the Directive on Account Verification. See footnote 49

The Directive on Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements requires that persons with delegated authority do not exercise the following: See footnote 50

  • Certification authority and payment authority on the same payment; and
  • Spending, certification or payment authority for an expenditure from which they can directly or indirectly benefit (e.g., when the payee is the individual with financial signing authority, or when the expenditure is incurred for the benefit of that individual).

To ensure adequate separation of duties, the following functions are kept separate when responsibility is assigned to individuals involved in the expenditures process: See footnote 51

  • Authority to exercise transaction authority (Activity 5.1.6.2 - Exercise or Obtain Transaction Authority);
  • Certification of the provision of services pursuant to section 34 of the FAA (certification authority) (Activity 5.1.6.3 - Exercise or Obtain FAA Section 34 Certification);
  • Determination of entitlement, verification of accounts and preparation of requisitions for payment or settlement, pursuant to section 34 of the FAA (certification authority) (Perform Account Verification (Compensation) (Subprocess 5.1.8) and Complete Account Verification (Subprocess 5.1.12); and
  • Certification of requisition for payment or settlement, pursuant to section 33 of the FAA (electronic or manual payment authority) (Activity 5.1.9.3 - Exercise Section 33 Certification).

If the process or other circumstances do not allow such separation of duties, alternative control measures are implemented and documented. In the context of Pay Administration, the role of the compensation advisor in performing part of the section 34 verification provides this additional control measure.

Perform Account Verification (Compensation) includes the following activities See footnote 52 and is completed by the responsibility centre manager under Complete Account Verification (Subprocess 5.1.12):

  • Verifying that supporting documentation is complete and duly certified pursuant to the FAA, section 34, in other words, that the documentation allows an audit trail and demonstrates agreed terms, conditions and other specifications (i.e., conforms to letter of offer and collective agreements), as well as receipt of services and authorization according to the delegation of authorities (Activity 5.1.8.1 - Verify That Supporting Documentation Is Complete);
  • Confirming that requirements have been met, in other words, that the employment contract, collective agreement or other applicable terms and conditions have been met and that the work has been performed (Activity 5.1.8.2 - Confirm That Requirements Are Met);
  • Ensuring employee information is accurate (Activity 5.1.8.4 - Ensure Employee Information Is Accurate);
  • Confirming that the payee is entitled to, or eligible for, the payment (Activity 5.1.8.3 - Confirm That Employee Is Entitled to Payment); completed by the responsibility centre manager in Complete Account Verification (Subprocess 5.1.12);
  • Verifying that all relevant statutes, regulations, orders-in-council, policies and directives, collective agreements and other legal obligations have been complied with (Activity 5.1.8.5 - Verify That Relevant Regulations, Policies and Directives Were Followed); and
  • Confirming the accuracy of the transaction, including that the payment is not a duplicate; that credits have been deducted; that charges not payable have been removed; and that the pay total has been calculated correctly (Activity 5.1.8.6 - Verify Accuracy of Transaction); completed by the responsibility centre manager in Complete Account Verification (Subprocess 5.1.12).

At any point during the account verification process, if a discrepancy is noted or if the information is incomplete, the compensation advisor or the responsibility centre manager is required to resolve this discrepancy by tracing the issue to its source (Activity 5.1.8.7 - Resolve Discrepancies). Once the issue is resolved, the account verification may resume or start over.

5.5.2.2 Roles and Responsibilities

The compensation advisor works with the responsibility centre manager, financial services and corporate finance to perform part of the FAA section 34 verification. Table 8 provides an overview of roles and responsibilities, using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed (RACI) approach. These roles and responsibilities are further described in Appendix D.

Table 8: Perform Account Verification (Compensation) (Subprocess 5.1.8) - RACI

Legend

  • CF: Corporate finance
  • COMP: Compensation
  • DFMS: Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System
  • FIN: Financial services
  • HR: Other human resources functions
  • HRMS: Human Resources Management System
  • RCM: Responsibility centre manager
ActivityRelated DataResponsibleAccountableConsultedInformedAuthoritative Source
5.1.8.1 Verify That Supporting Documentation Is Complete
  • Authorizations (expenditure initiation, commitment, HR, transaction)
  • Collective agreement
  • Employee information
  • Pay request
COMP, RCMRCMFINCF, HRHRMS
5.1.8.2 Confirm That Requirements Are Met
  • Collective agreement
  • Employee information
  • Pay request
  • Policy instruments
COMP, RCMRCMFINCF, HRHRMS
5.1.8.3 Confirm That Payee Is Eligible for Payment
  • Collective agreement
  • Employee information
  • Pay request
  • Policy instruments
COMP, RCMRCMCFCF, HRHRMS
5.1.8.4 Ensure Employee Information Is Correct
  • Employee information
COMP, RCMRCMCFCF, HRHRMS
5.1.8.5 Verify That Relevant Regulations, Policies and Directives Were Followed
  • Collective agreement
  • Employee information
  • Financial coding
  • Pay request
  • Policy instruments
COMP, RCMRCMCF, FINCF, HRHRMS
5.1.8.6 Verify Accuracy of Transaction
  • Collective agreement
  • Employee information
  • Financial coding
  • Pay request
COMP, RCMRCMCF, FINCF, HRHRMS
5.1.8.7 Resolve Discrepancies
  • Employee data
  • Payment data
  • Policy instruments
  • Position data
  • Services rendered data
COMP, RCMRCMFINCF, HRHRMS

5.5.3 Perform Payment Authority (Subprocess 5.1.9)

5.5.3.1 Activities

The next step constitutes authorization under the FAA, section 33. Quality assurance for the adequacy of the FAA section 34 verification occurs either before or after the FAA section 33 authorization is applied. In the context of pay, FAA section 33 authorization can be a one-time occurrence (e.g., payment of overtime, cash-out of accumulated compensatory time, cash-out of accumulated vacation time) or can be recurring (e.g., base salary payment, bilingual bonus payment, shift differential payment, isolated post allowances payment). The FAA section 33 authorization corresponds to compensation's "pay authorization" step and ends with a request to PWGSC for a pay transaction.

This subprocess is a variation on Perform Payment Authority (FAA, section 33) (Subprocess 3.1.8) of Manage Procure to Payment (Business Process 3.1). The variation highlights the role of PWGSC and underlines the recurring FAA section 33 authorization inherent in many pay transactions.

Figure 14 depicts the Level 3 process flow for Perform Payment Authority.

Figure 14: Perform Payment Authority (Subprocess 5.1.9) - Level 3 Process Flow

Figure 14: Perform Payment Authority (Subprocess 5.1.9) - Level 3 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 14: Perform Payment Authority (Subprocess 5.1.9) - Level 3 Process Flow

The request for a pay transaction, which includes the pay transaction data, payment details, employee data and, optionally, the financial coding block, is sent to the "pay authorizer" (Activity 5.1.9.1 - Receive Request For Pay Transaction) for payment issuance. As part of this subprocess, the financial or HR officer delegated FAA section 33 performs quality assurance (Activity 5.1.9.2 - Perform Quality Assurance). The financial or HR officer exercises payment authority and is responsible for certifying and ensuring the following: See footnote 53

  • There is auditable evidence demonstrating that account verification has taken place and has been certified by an individual with delegated financial signing authority pursuant to section 34 of the FAA;
  • No payment is made when the payment:
    • Is not a lawful charge against the appropriation;
    • Will result in an expenditure exceeding the appropriation; or
    • Will result in an insufficient balance in the appropriation to meet the commitments charged against it;
  • When exercising payment authority,
    • All high-risk transactions are subjected to a full review of the transaction; and
    • A sample of medium- and low-risk transactions are selected based on a sample selection methodology and are subjected to a review of the most important aspects of each selected transaction;
  • Certification of payments pursuant to the FAA, section 33, is provided to the Receiver General;
  • Requirements of the Payments and Settlements Requisitioning Regulations and the Directive on Payment Requisitioning and Cheque Control are complied with; and
  • Corrective action is taken when critical errors are identified during the quality assurance process for payment authority.

If a discrepancy is found during this process, the payment requisition is returned first to the compensation officer and, if necessary, to the responsibility centre manager for resolution.

The department or agency is responsible for defining high-, medium- and low-risk transactions, according to the department or agency's tolerance for risk. The FAA section 33 quality assurance requirements in relation to sampling of medium- and low-risk transactions is described in Manage Post-Payment Verification (Business Process 8.1).

The Directive on Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements requires that persons with delegated authority do not exercise the following: See footnote 54

  • Certification authority and payment authority on the same payment; and
  • Spending, certification or payment authority for an expenditure from which they can directly or indirectly benefit (e.g., when the payee is the individual with financial signing authority or when the expenditure is incurred for the benefit of that individual).

To ensure adequate separation of duties, the following functions are kept separate when responsibility is assigned to individuals involved in the expenditures process: See footnote 55

  • Authority to exercise transaction authority (Activity 5.1.6.2 - Exercise or Obtain Transaction Authority);
  • Certification of the provision of services pursuant to section 34 of the FAA (certification authority) (Activity 5.1.6.3 - Exercise or Obtain FAA Section 34 Certification);
  • Determination of entitlement, verification of accounts, and preparation of requisitions for payment or settlement, pursuant to section 34 of the FAA (certification authority) (Perform Account Verification (Compensation) (Subprocess 5.1.8) and Complete Account Verification (Subprocess 5.1.12)); and
  • Certification of requisition for payment or settlement, pursuant to section 33 of the FAA (electronic or manual payment authority) (Activity 5.1.9.3 - Exercise FAA Section 33 Certification).

If the process or other circumstances do not allow such separation of duties, alternative control measures are implemented and documented.

Once the delegated authority for FAA section 33 is satisfied that all the requirements have been met, the request for pay transaction is certified pursuant to section 33 of the FAA (Activity 5.1.9.3 - Exercise FAA Section 33 Certification). The section 33 signature is captured either in the Online Pay System, or in cases where departments are submitting a bulk transaction file, on the accompanying fax.

5.5.3.2 Roles and Responsibilities

Depending upon the delegation of authorities, either HR or financial services can be responsible for managing payment requisitions and certifying payments (FAA section 33) related to pay. Table 9 provides an overview of roles and responsibilities, using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed (RACI) approach. These roles and responsibilities are further described in Appendix D.

Table 9: Perform Payment Authority (Subprocess 5.1.9) - RACI

Legend

  • COMP: Compensation
  • DFMS: Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System
  • FIN: Financial services
  • HR: Other human resources functions
  • PAY: Compensation Sector (PWGSC)
  • RCM: Responsibility centre manager
  • RG-CS: Receiver General-Compensation Systems
ActivityRelated DataResponsibleAccountableConsultedInformedAuthoritative Source
5.1.9.1 Receive Request for Pay Transaction
  • Employee data
  • Payment details
  • Pay transaction data
COMP, FINAFINHR, RCMCOMP, HR, PAY, RCMDFMS
5.1.9.2 Perform Quality Assurance
  • Delegation instrument
  • Employee data
  • Payment details
  • Pay transaction data
  • Section 34 verification and certification
  • Specimen signature documents
COMP, FINAFINHR, RCMCOMP, HR, PAY, RCMDFMS
5.1.9.3 Exercise FAA Section 33 Certification
(electronic or manual)
  • Approved request for pay transaction
  • Cash balance
  • Delegation instruments
  • Quality assurance results
  • Section 33 certification (signature)
COMP, FINAFINHR, RCMCOMP, HR, PAY, RCMRG-CSB

Notes:

  1. Specimen signature documents are maintained by financial services (local accounting offices) in accordance with the delegation instrument. Responsibility centre manager and compensation advisor signatures are obtained for the applicable specimen signature documents for FAA section 34 certification and verification. HR and compensation organizations are informed of individuals with delegated FAA section 34 authority.
  2. FAA section 33 payment authorization for pay transactions is applied in the RPS by authorized individuals (i.e., positions delegated section 33 payment authorization), or is provided in a fax accompanying bulk pay transaction request files to the RPS. Therefore, RG-CS is the authoritative source for this information, though responsibility and accountability for the FAA section 33 signature rests with the department. Consultation with HR or the responsibility centre manager may be required for final verification of pay transactions before applying FAA section 33 certification. If transactions are excluded from payment, various organizations and individuals are informed.

5.6 Payroll

The Department of Public Works and Government Services (PWGSC) maintains the Regional Pay System (RPS) that is used to calculate employee pay and deductions, and to send payment requests to the Standard Payment System (SPS) for the issuance of payments. The RPS provides gross pay data to departments for recording in their Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System (DFMS) payroll expense accounts. As part of the PWGSC's role, various rules and edits based on legislation and collective agreements are applied on behalf of the departments in the gross pay calculations. PWGSC is responsible for analyzing compensation policies and legislation and, in turn, implementing the controls to adhere to any changes. PWGSC also provides departments with pay reports and statistics.

Figure 15 See footnote 56 depicts the interactions of the systems involved in the Payroll subprocesses.

Figure 15: Interaction of Systems in the Payroll Subprocess Group

Figure 15: Interaction of Systems in the Payroll Subprocess Group
Text version: Figure 15: Interaction of Systems in the Payroll Subprocess Group

PWGSC's Payroll System-General Ledger (PS-GL) maintains payroll expenditure control account balances created from the RPS and for transactions that are processed manually. The control data outputs that are provided to departments on a pay-run basis are a payroll control data report and file that contain current-day control data summary and associated requisition numbers, and a control account balance report. A final report is provided at period-end. An internal journal voucher report is produced when manual transactions are processed for adjustments, with debits or credits to the department's payroll control account.

Payroll gross-to-net calculations are run within PWGSC. Transactions are collected and edited in the Online Pay System, then verified and authorized through the RPS. The RPS then calculates the net pay on a pay-run basis, based on these authorized transactions generated by departments. Deductions and entitlements are applied, and pay results are directed as follows to the appropriate systems for action: See footnote 57

  • The SPS actions requisitions from the RPS for payment issuance and issues payments; cancelled payments are reported back to the RPS;
  • The SPS reports control data for payment issuance and payment cancellation to the Receiver General-General Ledger (RG-GL);
  • The pension system accounts for pension enrolments, changes to pension entitlements, benefits enrolments, and changes to benefits and third-party remittances; and
  • The PS-GL accounts for payroll expenditures by department and reconciles employee payroll deductions.

In addition to recording pay transactions and cancelled payments identified in the detailed expenditure extract file, departments have a number of responsibilities in various areas of accounting and financial management related to employee pay, which include the following:

  • Recording pay transactions and accounting for gross payroll Manage Post-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.11);
  • Preparing and accounting for salary accruals (refer to Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2));
  • Preparing and submitting monthly departmental general ledger trial balances (including a payroll control account - 63XXX) based on government-wide coding to the Central Financial Management Reporting System (CFMRS) (refer to Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2)); and
  • Preparing interdepartmental settlements or salary recoveries related to employee transfers (described in Manage Interdepartmental Settlements (Business Process 2.2)).

5.6.1 Issue Payment (Subprocess 5.1.10)

5.6.1.1 Activities

This subprocess differs from Issue Payment (Subprocess 3.1.9) described in Manage Procure to Payment (Business Process 3.1), where departments request payments directly from PWGSC's SPS. As described in the Receiver General Manual, Chapter 6, "Payroll Systems and Departments", PWGSC is responsible for the calculation of payroll in the RPS, which then results in the issuance of payments by the SPS. Once the department provides FAA section 33 authorization, the RPS calculates the payments and sends requisitions to the SPS for payment processing. The SPS creates a return file with the payment detail and the payment reference numbers, and returns the file to the RPS for processing. The RPS updates the payroll register database with the payment reference number for each payment. Once done, the individual transactions are extracted and processed against the RPS expenditure control database. An update file is created and sent to the PS-GL, and a detailed expenditure extract file is created for each department. Payments are issued, and payment stub information is released to employees.

Note: Please refer to the Receiver General Manual, Chapter 6, "Payroll Systems and Departments," for a complete description of payroll systems and departments.

Figure 16 depicts the Level 3 process flow for Issue Payment.

Figure 16: Issue Payment (Subprocess 5.1.10) - Level 3 Process Flow

Figure 16: Issue Payment (Subprocess 5.1.10) - Level 3 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 16: Issue Payment (Subprocess 5.1.10) - Level 3 Process Flow

The RPS calculates payments (Activity 5.1.10.1 - Process Pay) and creates the payroll register. It is the compensation advisor's responsibility to verify the payments on the payroll register. In rare circumstances of non-entitlement, the compensation advisor may stop payment (Activity 5.1.10.2 - Stop Payment) via an intercept or a recall. The purpose of an intercept or recall is to prevent an account from being credited due to a struck off strength (SOS), projected overpayment or any other reason for non-entitlement. Intercepts and recalls stop payments after they are processed, but before they are credited to the employee's account in the financial institution branch.

Intercepts for regular and supplementary pay can be processed until the third working day before the payment date. If an intercept cannot be met by the deadline, then a recall may be initiated. The recall procedure is cumbersome and time-consuming, and departments are advised to restrict the use of this procedure to significant transactions and emergency situations only. For recalls, the employee's financial institution branch must be notified by noon, on the business day prior to the due date. See footnote 58 

When the payment has been stopped, the transaction is referred back to Manage HR Pre-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.7) for review and correction. In the event the intercept or recall fails, then the compensation advisor informs the responsibility centre manager in order that the overpayment can be recorded into the proper account, in accordance with departmental procedure. The overpayment must then be recovered in accordance with Section 15 of the Appendix of the Directive on Terms and Conditions of Employment. An accounts receivable is established (Manage Revenues, Receivables, and Receipts (Business Process 2.1)), and recovery action is initiated.

The RPS forwards an input payment and client control file to the SPS for payment issuance (Activity 5.1.10.3 - Submit Payment Request to SPS), which in turn issues payment (Activity 5.1.10.4 - Issue Payment). A payment control total and a requisition number are included on the file. The SPS assigns a payment reference number to each payment made. The SPS creates a return file with the payment detail and the payment reference numbers, and returns the file to the RPS for processing.

Under Activity 5.1.10.5 - Process SPS Return Payment File, the RPS processes the SPS return file and updates the payroll register database with the payment reference number for each payment. Once done, the individual transactions are extracted and processed against the RPS expenditure control database. An extract file is created by the SPS and processed in the PS-GL to update to the payroll control accounts. The RPS also issues a detailed expenditure extract file to the department with gross payroll expenditure data, including the payment reference number for each payment (Manage Post-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.11)). Payments are issued, and under Manage Post-Payroll, payment stub information is released to departmental employees.

On a pay-run basis, the RPS will process PS-GL control accounts (Activity 5.1.10.6 - Process PS-GL Control Accounts). A summarized expenditure file is forwarded to the PS-GL for posting to its ledger accounts. The PS-GL provides payroll control and payroll control account balance reports to departments each time the RPS processes payroll transactions (Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2)).

5.6.1.2 Roles and Responsibilities

In its role as payroll provider for departments and agencies, PWGSC is responsible for the compensation control framework, which includes Activity 5.1.10.1 and Activities 5.1.10.3 to 5.1.10.6. Because it is within the domain of PWGSC's Compensation Sector, the compensation control framework and its validation are outside the scope of this guideline. Table 10 provides an overview of roles and responsibilities involved in the remaining activities using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed (RACI) approach. These roles and responsibilities are further described in Appendix D.

Table 10: Issue Payment (Subprocess 5.1.10) - RACI

Legend

  • BCMS: Banking and Cash Management Sector (PWGSC)
  • COMP: Compensation
  • EE: Employee
  • FIN: Financial services
  • HRMS: Human Resources Management System
  • PAY: Compensation Sector (PWGSC)
  • PRI: Personal record identifier
  • RCM: Responsibility centre manager
  • RG-CS: Receiver General-Compensation Systems
ActivityRelated DataResponsibleAccountableConsultedInformedAuthoritative Source
5.1.10.2 Stop Payment
  • Name
  • Pay list
COMP, FINCOMPPAYEE, RCMHRMS
  • Accounting period
  • Amount
  • Financial institution (for recalls only)
  • Payment reference number (PRN)
  • Pay office
  • Pay period
  • PRI
  • Requisition ID
COMP, FIN, BCMSCOMPPAYEE, RCMRG-CS

5.7 Post-Payroll

5.7.1 Manage Post-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.11)

5.7.1.1. Activities

On a pay-run basis, payments (either direct deposit or cheques) and payment stubs are released to employees, and the Department of Public Works and Government Services (PWGSC) issues the expenditure extract file to departments to record pay expenditures in the Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System (DFMS). In accordance with departmental procedure, the responsibility centre manager is accountable for adjustments to commitment and salary forecasts. Other salary transactions that are not included in the expenditure extract file, which include garnishments, secondments and advances, are also recorded in the DFMS.

Note that transfer-out departments recover moneys from transfer-in departments via an interdepartmental settlement (IS). Departments also reconcile control account balances for pay expenditures using the Payroll System-General Ledger (PS-GL) control account balance report and file, and on a monthly basis must reconcile the final PS-GL payroll control account balance report to the payroll control account of the department, See footnote 59 as discussed in Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2). Also note that payroll transactions involving an IS will not be a part of the payroll control account (63XXX). Rather, they are to be included in the IS debit and credit control accounts (64XXX and 65XXX), See footnote 60 under Manage Interdepartmental Settlements (Business Process 2.2).

Gross payroll is posted, and transactions are reviewed by the responsibility centre manager, thus completing FAA section 34 account verification (Subprocess 5.1.12). Departments should reconcile payroll expenditures and the control account balances on a pay-run basis (see Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2)). On the third last working day of the month, the department receives a final payroll control account balance report, which is reconciled to the payroll control account in the individual department's DFMS for trial balance reporting purposes to the Central Financial Management and Reporting System (CFMRS) (see Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2)). Departments include a payroll control account in their trial balance, which is verified in CFMRS against the respective departmental payroll control account submitted by the PS-GL in Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2).

This marks the end of the Pay Administration business process, and either Manage Post-Payment Verification (Business Process 8.1) or Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2) then begins.

Figure 17 depicts the Level 3 process flow for Manage Post-Payroll.

Figure 17 : Manage Post-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.11) - Level 3 Process Flow

Figure 17 : Manage Post-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.11) - Level 3 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 17 : Manage Post-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.11) - Level 3 Process Flow

Under Activity 5.1.10 - Issue Payment, PWGSC releases the payments on the official pay day or upon receipt of supplementary payments. See footnote 61 Pay stubs are available to employees through the Compensation Web Applications. In situations where pay stubs are printed out, they should be distributed by the day the payment is released (Activity 5.1.11.1 - Distribute Pay Stubs).

The detailed expenditure extract file is used to record gross pay transactions and adjustments as a result of cancelled payments (Activity 5.1.11.2 - Record Pay Transaction). Cancelled payments for pay transactions that are more than two years old require specific processing at PWGSC outside the Regional Pay System (RPS), as described under Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2).

Departments can choose to have financial coding assigned in the RPS; otherwise, the financial coding is assigned directly in the Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System (DFMS). Posting requires an examination of financial coding to ensure the accuracy of each transaction and is conducted by the responsibility centre manager as part of the activities to complete FAA section 34 account verification under Complete Account Verification (Subprocess 5.1.12).

Salary transactions such as secondments, interchanges, garnishments and salary advances are not included in the detailed expenditure extract file as these transactions are outside the scope of the RPS. For these other salary transactions, Post-Payroll activities require sharing of data and reconciliation with the departmental Pay Pre-Payroll activities. These activities depend on coordination between HR and finance resources to correctly account for and offset pay-related expenditures. The resulting transactions are identified and recorded in the DFMS under Activity 5.1.11.3 - Record Other Salary Transactions. In accordance with departmental procedure, the responsibility centre manager also updates commitments and salary management records.

Once all other salary transactions have been recorded and the FAA section 34 account verification has been completed under Activity 5.1.12 - Complete Account Verification, the Pay Administration business process ends, and either Manage Post-Payment Verification (Business Process 8.1) or, if quality assurance is required, Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2) begins. Month-end and year-end salary accruals are also recorded as part of Manage Financial Close (Business Process 8.2).

5.7.1.2 Roles and Responsibilities

The responsibility centre manager works with compensation, financial services, corporate finance, HR and PWGSC to complete Post-Payroll subprocesses. Table 11 provides an overview of roles and responsibilities, using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed (RACI) approach. These roles and responsibilities are further described in Appendix D.

Table 11 : Manage Post-Payroll (Subprocess 5.1.11) - RACI

Legend

  • BCMS: Banking and Cash Management Sector (PWGSC)
  • CARS: Central Accounting and Reporting Sector (PWGSC)
  • CF: Corporate finance
  • COMP: Compensation
  • DFMS: Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System
  • EE: Employee
  • FIN: Financial services
  • FPAD: Financial and Payroll Accounting Division (PWGSC)
  • HR: Other human resources functions
  • HRMS: Human Resources Management System
  • PAY: Compensation Sector (PWGSC)
  • PRI: Personal record identifier
  • RCM: Responsibility centre manager
  • RG-CS: Receiver General-Compensation Systems
ActivityRelated DataResponsibleAccountableConsultedInformedAuthoritative Source
5.1.11.1 Distribute Pay Stubs
  • Approved payment release (payroll register)
COMPCOMPCOMPFIN, PAYAHRMS
  • Cheques and stubs (distribution)
FIN, RCMFINCOMPEE, FINDFMS
5.1.11.2 Record Pay Transactions
  • Name
  • Pay list
FINFINCOMP, PAYACF, RCMHRMS
  • Accounting period
  • Effective from date
  • Effective to date
  • Entitlement code
  • Pay office
  • Pay period
  • PRI
FINFINCOMP, PAYACF, RCMRG-CS
  • Amount
  • Payment reference number (PRN)
  • Requisition ID
  • Update or assign financial coding (responsibility centre, program, line object, etc.)
FINFINCOMP, PAYACF, RCMDFMS
5.1.11.3 Record Other Salary TransactionsSalary transactions related to secondments within the Government of Canada (in and out)
  • Employee name
FIN, RCMRCMHRBCMS, COMP, EEFIN, HRHRMS
Salary transactions related to secondments within the Government of Canada (in and out)
  • Acting pay
  • Amount
  • From and to date
  • PRI
FIN, RCMRCMHRBCMS, COMP, EEFIN, HRRG-CS
Salary transactions related to secondments within the Government of Canada (in and out)
  • Department or third-party payee
  • Financial coding
  • Percentage split
  • Timing of recoveries
FIN, RCMRCMHRBCMS, COMP, EEFIN, HRDFMS
Salary transactions related to interchanges (exchanges out of the Government of Canada)
  • Employee name
FIN, RCMRCMHRBCMS, CF, COMP, EE, HRHRMS
Salary transactions related to interchanges (exchanges out of the Government of Canada)
  • Acting pay
  • Amount (including employee benefits)
  • From and to date
  • PRI
FIN, RCMRCMHRBCMS, CF, COMP, EE, HRRG-CS
Salary transactions related to interchanges (exchanges out of the Government of Canada)
  • Financial coding
  • Percentage split
  • Third-party creditor
  • Timing of recoveries
FIN, RCMRCMHRBCMS, CF, COMP, EE, HRDFMS
Garnishments to third party (reconciliation)
PRI
COMP,B FIN
FINCOMPBCMSRG-CS
Garnishments to third party (reconciliation)
  • Amount
  • Financial coding
  • Judgment and supporting documentation
  • Third-party payee
FIN, COMPFINCOMPBCMSDFMS
Salary advances (reconciliation)
  • Employee name
COMP, FINFINCOMP EE, RCMHRMS
Salary advances (reconciliation)
  • Amount
  • PRI
COMP, FINFINCOMP EE, RCMRG-CS
Salary advances (reconciliation)
  • Financial coding
COMP, FINFINCOMP EE, RCMDFMS
Record and account for salary accruals
  • Detailed pay expenditure file
CFCFRCMRCMDFMS
Conduct reconciliation and reportingC
  • Government-wide payroll control totals (trial balance)
CFCFFIN, PAY (FPAD)FIN, CARPWGSC Systems

Notes:

  1. The compensation advisor or PWGSC's Compensation Sector (PAY) may be consulted if a payment discrepancy occurs or if the payment is not in the detailed pay expenditure file.
  2. Compensation (COMP) creates a voucher or advises financial services (FIN) to do so.
  3. This activity supports the submission of trial balances to the CFMRS. Other accruals occur and are included in Manage Post-Payment Verification (Business Process 8.1).

5.7.2 Complete Account Verification (Subprocess 5.1.12)

5.7.2.1 Activities

The responsibility centre manager reviews posted pay transactions for accuracy. Because the responsibility centre manager does not know the actual value of most pay transactions at the time of FAA section 34 certification, the responsibility centre manager verifies the transaction after the fact to ensure that the amount paid is accurate and corresponds to the correct employee and the correct time period. In addition, the responsibility centre manager verifies that the correct financial coding has been applied to the transaction. This completes FAA section 34 verification.

The Directive on Account Verification See footnote 62 outlines criteria for completion of account verification after the payment has been made.

Figure 18 depicts the Level 3 process flow for Complete Account Verification.

Figure 18: Complete Account Verification (Subprocess 5.1.12) - Level 3 Process Flow

Figure 18: Complete Account Verification (Subprocess 5.1.12) - Level 3 Process Flow
Text version: Figure 18: Complete Account Verification (Subprocess 5.1.12) - Level 3 Process Flow

This subprocess begins when transactions from the detailed expenditure extract file are recorded in the DFMS. At this point, the FAA section 34 verification has partially been fulfilled under Perform Account Verification (Compensation) (Subprocess 5.1.8), and HR has confirmed that payments for which employees are not entitled have not been issued (and, if necessary, has started recovery subprocesses for overpayments under Manage Revenues, Receivables, and Receipts (Business Process 2.1).

This account verification process completes verification that there is sufficient evidence to demonstrate that the work has been performed or the services rendered; that relevant contract or agreement terms and conditions have been met; that the transaction is accurate; and that all authorities have been complied with. See footnote 63 Primary responsibility for verifying individual accounts rests with responsibility centre managers who have the authority to confirm and certify entitlement pursuant to section 34 of the FAA. See footnote 64

Although account verification is normally performed prior to payment, completing account verification after the payment has been made is permitted in certain situations, such as with pay and with acquisition card purchases, provided that the claim for payment is reasonable and meets the criteria outlined in the Directive on Account Verification. See footnote 65

In the context of Pay Administration, FAA section 34 verification is conducted over two steps: first by the compensation officer, who verifies the pay transaction based on information provided by the responsibility centre manager (or the employee, the Treasury Board or the courts), and second by the responsibility centre manager after the payment has been made (see section 5.5 of this guideline for a description of the activities associated with the compensation component of the FAA section 34 verification).

Complete Account Verification includes the following activities: See footnote 66

  • Verifying that supporting documentation is complete, namely, that the documentation allows an audit trail and demonstrates agreed price and other specifications (i.e., conforms to letter of offer and collective agreements), as well as receipt of services and authorization according to the delegation of authorities (Activity 5.1.12.1 - Verify That Supporting Documentation Is Complete); this may also be confirmed by the compensation role in Perform Account Verification (Compensation) (Subprocess 5.1.8);
  • Confirming that the payee is entitled to, or eligible for, the payment (Activity 5.1.12.2 - Confirm That Payee Is Entitled To Payment); this may also be confirmed by the compensation role in Perform Account Verification (Compensation) (Subprocess 5.1.8);
  • Validating that the calculated payment equals the actual payment and that payee and supporting pay request data (collective agreement, policies, etc.) are in agreement (Activity 5.1.12.3 - Validate That Three-Way Match Occurred);
  • Ensuring that the financial coding provided is accurate and complete (Activity 5.1.12.4 - Ensure Financial Coding Is Correct); and
  • Confirming the accuracy of the transaction, including that the payment is not a duplicate and that the payment total has been calculated correctly (Activity 5.1.12.5 - Verify Accuracy of Transaction); this may also be confirmed by the compensation role in Perform Account Verification (Compensation) (Subprocess 5.1.8).

Account verification also includes confirming that advance payments meet appropriate requirements in accordance with the Directive on Payment Requisitioning and Cheque Control See footnote 67 and the Directive on Terms and Conditions of Employment.

At any point during the account verification process, if a discrepancy is noted or if the information is incomplete, the responsibility centre manager is required See footnote 68 to resolve this discrepancy by tracing the issue to its source (Activity 5.1.12.6 - Resolve Discrepancies). At this point, resolving discrepancies may result in additional pay actions, such as initiating the recovery subprocesses for overpayments under Manage Revenues, Receivables and Receipts (Business Process 2.1).

Once the payment has been verified and no discrepancies or issues have been noted, the account verification is completed and certified pursuant to the FAA, section 34. The payment is recorded and the commitment is then updated. In addition, FAA section 34 account verification includes ensuring that there is auditable evidence of verification, that is, ensuring that the process identifies individuals who performed the account verification and that there is an audit trail.

5.7.2.2 Roles and Responsibilities

The responsibility centre manager works with financial services and corporate finance to complete account verification and informs HR and corporate finance of discrepancies or errors noted during the responsibility centre manager's verification. Table 12 provides an overview of roles and responsibilities, using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed (RACI) approach. These roles and responsibilities are further described in Appendix D.

Table 12: Complete Account Verification (Subprocess 5.1.12) - RACI

Legend

  • CF: Corporate finance
  • COMP: Compensation
  • DFMS: Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System
  • FIN: Financial services
  • HR: Other human resources functions
  • RCM: Responsibility centre manager
ActivityRelated DataResponsibleAccountableConsultedInformedAuthoritative Source
5.1.12.1 Verify That Supporting Documentation Is Complete
  • Authorizations (expenditure initiation, commitment, HR, transaction)
  • Collective agreement
  • Employee information
  • Request for pay transaction
COMP, RCMRCMFINCF, HRDFMS
5.1.12.2 Confirm That Payee Is Eligible for Payment
  • Collective agreement
  • Employee information
  • Pay request
  • Policy instruments
COMP, RCMRCMCFCF, HRDFMS
5.1.12.3 Validate That Three-Way Match Occurred
  • Actual payment amount
  • Collective agreement
  • Employee information
  • Financial coding
  • Pay request
  • Policy instruments
RCMRCMCF, FINCF, HRDFMS
5.1.12.4 Ensure Financial Coding Is Correct
  • Employee information
  • Financial coding
  • Pay request
RCMRCMCF, FINCF, HRDFMS
5.1.12.5 Verify Accuracy of Transaction
  • Actual payment amount
  • Employee information
  • Financial coding
  • Pay request
COMP, RCMRCMCF, FINCF, HRDFMS
5.1.12.6 Resolve Discrepancies
  • Employee data
  • Payment data
  • Pay request
  • Position data
COMP, RCMRCMFINCF, HRDFMS

Appendix A : Definitions

The following definitions apply to this guideline and reflect common definitions used in Treasury Board policies, standards, directives, guides and tools.

Account verification and certification:

Primary responsibility for verifying individual accounts rests with officers who have the authority to confirm and certify entitlement pursuant to the FAA, section 34. Persons with this authority are responsible for the correctness of the payment requested and the account verification procedures performed.

As part of the account verification process, transactions should be reviewed for accuracy to ensure that the payment is not a duplicate, that any charges not payable have been removed, and that the amount has been calculated correctly.

These actions together complete the requirement called "section 34 verification and certification." For further description of these requirements, refer to the Treasury Board's Directive on Account Verification.

Accountable - RACI:
In the context of the RACI tables, the role that can attest to the truth of the information or a decision and that is accountable for the completion of the activity. There must be exactly one role accountable for each activity.
Activity:
An elaboration on a subprocess appearing in a Level 3 business process flow. See also Process; Subprocess.
Authoritative source - RACI:
In the context of the RACI tables, a system that holds the official version of the information generated by the activity or a decision resulting from the activity. The authoritative source can be automated or manual.
Approved budget:
A level of resources allocated to carry out planned activities. It is the annual base against which expenditures, commitments and forecasts are compared, and variances measured and analyzed. See footnote 69 Once the departmental budget has been allocated, responsibility centre budgets serve as a basis for effective budget management, financial reviews, budget controls, forecasting and reporting over the course of the year.
Approved plan (Operational plan):
A multi-year plan that specifies the resources required (financial, human, and technical or capital) and the approaches to be taken. It also includes descriptions of the activities to be delivered, planned results and timelines. The operational plan, which is the department's approved plan for the upcoming fiscal year, aligns with the annual budget. See footnote 70
Certification authority:
Certification authority is the authority according to section 34 of the Financial Administration Act to certify, before payment, contract performance and price, entitlement or eligibility for the payment. See footnote 71
Cluster group (DFMS):
A collective of departments working together to promote and implement business-driven and standardized solutions for interoperable financial and materiel management in the Government of Canada. See footnote 72
Commitment accounting:
Commitment accounting is the recording of obligations to make future payments at the time they are planned and before the time services are rendered and billings are received. Such obligations may represent contractual liabilities, as is the case when purchase orders or contracts for goods or services are issued. Commitments are recorded individually. When it is impractical to formally record commitments individually (e.g., low-value transactions), the organization's procedures will be designated to identify these instances and describe how they will be accounted for. See footnote 73
Commitment authority:
Is the authority to carry out one or more specific functions related to the control of financial commitments as required in the Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control. See footnote 74 Commitment authority is delegated in writing to departmental officials by the deputy head (or equivalent) for ensuring that there is a sufficient unencumbered balance available before entering into a contract or other arrangement. Note that subsection 32(2) of the Financial Administration Act applies.
Commitment control:
Commitment controls are established procedures that prevent an organization from entering into a contract or any other arrangement that provides for a payment unless there is enough money available in that year's appropriation to discharge the debt that is incurred during that fiscal year. See footnote 75
Consulted - RACI:
In the context of the RACI tables, a role that is required to provide accurate information or a decision for an activity to be completed. There may or may not be a consulted role, and consultation may or may not be mandatory. When consultation does occur, there is typically a two-way communication between those consulted and the responsible party.
Departmental Financial and Materiel Management System (DFMS):
Is a financial management system (FMS) whose primary objectives are to demonstrate compliance by the government with the financial authorities granted by Parliament, comply with the government's accounting policies, inform the public through departmental financial statements, provide financial and materiel information for management and control, provide information for economic analysis and policy formulation, meet central agency reporting requirements and provide a basis for audit. See footnote 76
Expenditure initiation authority:
Is the authority to incur an expenditure or make an obligation to obtain goods or services that will result in the eventual expenditure of funds. This includes the decision to hire staff; to order supplies or services; to authorize travel, relocation or hospitality; or to enter into some other arrangement for program purposes. See footnote 77
Federal Accountability Act:
Through the Federal Accountability Act and Action Plan, the Government of Canada has brought forward specific measures to help strengthen accountability and increase transparency and oversight in government operations. The comprehensive Action Plan includes theAct as well as supporting policy and other non-legislative measures. See footnote 78
Financial Administration Act:
Sets out a series of fundamental principles on the manner in which government spending may be approved, expenditures may be made, revenues may be obtained and funds may be borrowed. See footnote 79
Financial management system (FMS):

Is any combination of business processes (end-to-end, automated and manual), procedures, controls, data and software applications, all of which are categorized as either a departmental financial and materiel management system (DFMS) or program system or central system that produces financial information and related non-financial information.

Financial management systems are used for any of the following:

  • Collecting, processing, maintaining, transmitting and reporting data about financial events and to maintain accountability for the related assets, liabilities and equity;
  • Supporting financial management, planning, budgeting and decision-making activities;
  • Accumulating and reporting cost information; or
  • Supporting the preparation of internal and external reports, such as departmental financial statements and input to the Public Accounts of Canada. See footnote 80
Forecast:
The total amount a manager intends to spend (or charge expenses) and collect (or generate revenues) against the current fiscal year's budget at a given point in time. See footnote 81
Informed - RACI:
In the context of the RACI tables, a role that is notified of the information or a decision after the decision is made or the activity is completed. There may or may not be an informed role, and informing the role may or may not be mandatory. There is typically a one-way communication from the responsible (or accountable) party to those informed.
Intercept:
Is the interruption of a direct deposit transaction before the funds have left Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC). See footnote 82
Level 1:
A graphical representation of the Government of Canada financial management business process that applies to all functional domains and cross-functional areas.
Level 2:
A one-page business process flow describing all or part of a functional domain. This process description is aimed at the executive level.
Level 3:
A business process flow that provides more detail to a Level 2 subprocess through the identification of activities, while remaining common to all federal departments and system-independent.
Process:
A function fully described by a Level 2 business process flow and elaborated at Level 2 through the definition of subprocesses. See also Activity; Subprocess.
RACI analysis:
An analysis that describes the roles and responsibilities of various teams or individuals in delivering or contributing to an activity. The RACI approach divides tasks into four participatory responsibility types (Responsible, Accountable, Consulted and Informed), which are then assigned to different roles in the process.
Recall:
Is the interruption of a direct deposit transaction after the funds have left PWGSC and before the amount is credited to the employee's account in the financial institution branch. See footnote 83
Record of commitments:
"The deputy head or other person charged with the administration of a program.shall, as the Treasury Board may prescribe, establish procedures and maintain records respecting the control of financial commitments chargeable to each appropriation or item (s. 32 of FAA)" See footnote 84  and establish "a process . to record and account for salary and wage commitments, as stipulated under section 32 of the Financial Administration Act (FAA)." See footnote 85
Related data - RACI:
In the context of the RACI tables, data sets that are part of the common financial management business process.
Responsibility centre manager (RCM):
In the context of this guideline, the incumbent of a position who has the applicable delegated financial, HR and/or procurement authorities described in the process.
Responsible - RACI:
In the context of the RACI tables, a role that records the information or a decision, or that does the work to complete the activity, relying on the information from those consulted or accountable. There can be multiple individuals responsible within a role or multiple roles responsible.
Section 32 of the Financial Administration Act (FAA section 32): See footnote 86
FAA section 32 includes the requirements for commitment control and record of commitments (refer to applicable definitions).
Section 33 of the Financial Administration Act (FAA section 33): See footnote 87
Financial officers with delegated FAA section 33 payment authority must confirm, before releasing payment, that the expense is a lawful charge against the appropriation (including assurance that value has been received) and that the payment would not result in an expenditure in excess of the appropriation or reduce the balance available in the appropriation to an insufficient level to meet the commitments charged against it. FAA section 33 authority can be delegated to a position other than the chief financial officer (CFO) of the department. In such cases, the CFO, being responsible for the overall quality of financial management, remains entirely responsible for the effectiveness and efficiency of the person exercising that authority.
Section 34 of the Financial Administration Act (FAA section 34): See footnote 88
FAA section 34 includes the requirements for account verification and certification (refer to applicable definition). Before a payment is made for goods or services received, the responsible departmental official must certify that the performance of the work, the supply of the goods, or the rendering of services were in accordance with the terms and conditions of the contract and that the price charged is in accordance with the contract or, in the absence of a contract, is reasonable.
"Should be" model:
The Government of Canada process that reflects current legislation and policy frameworks.
Spending authority:
Spending authority consists of three elements: expenditure initiation authority, transaction authority and commitment authority (refer to applicable definitions).
Subprocess:
An elaboration on a process appearing in a Level 2 business process flow. A subprocess is further elaborated at Level 3 through a definition of activities. See also Activity; Process.
Subprocess group:
A logical grouping of subprocesses that assist in the explanation of the overall process.
Transaction authority:
The authority to enter into contracts, including acquisition card purchases, or sign off on legal entitlements (e.g., employment insurance payments). See footnote 89

Appendix B: Abbreviations

BCMS:
Banking and Cash Management Sector (PWGSC)
CARS:
Central Accounting and Reporting Sector (PWGSC)
CF:
Corporate finance (departmental)
CFO:
Chief financial officer
CIOB:
Chief Information Officer Branch (Treasury Board Secretariat)
COMP:
Compensation (departmental)
DFMS:
Financial and Materiel Management System (departmental)
DH:
Deputy head
EE:
Employee
FAA:
Financial Administration Act
FIN:
Financial services (departmental)
HR:
Other HR functions (departmental, e.g., classification, staffing, etc.)
HRMS:
Human Resources Management System-Could be one or multiple departmental systems (automated or manual) that handle data related to such areas as HR planning, classification, staffing, learning and development, compensation, leave, time reporting and staff relations.
HRSDC:
Department of Human Resources and Skills Development
IM:
Information management
IT:
Information technology
N/A:
Not applicable
OCG:
Office of the Comptroller General
OCG-ASA:
Acquired Services and Assets Sector (Office of the Comptroller General)
OCG-FM:
Financial Management Sector (Office of the Comptroller General)
OCHRO:
Office of the Chief Human Resources Officer
PAY:
PWGSC Compensation Sector
PRI:
Personal record identifier
PRN:
Payment reference number
PS-GL:
Payroll System-General Ledger
PWGSC:
Department of Public Works and Government Services
RCM:
Responsibility centre manager
RG:
Receiver General for Canada
RG-CS:
Receiver General-Compensation Systems (PWGSC)-Defined as the Regional Pay System (RPS) and includes the Online Pay System (OLP), the Standard Payment System (SPS), the Payroll System-General Ledger (PS-GL), the Receiver General-General Ledger (RG-GL), the Central Financial Management Reporting System (CFMRS), and the Central Index. Note: Only PWGSC systems that are relevant to the scope of this guideline are listed here.
RG-GL:
Receiver General-General Ledger
RPS:
Regional Pay System
SPS:
Standard Payment System

Appendix C: Methods of Analysis Used in This Guideline

How to Use This Guideline

Federal departments that have already documented business processes and key controls and control frameworks for their financial management business processes can validate their work by comparing their processes with the appropriate common financial management business process guidelines.

Federal departments that have not yet documented business processes or key controls and control frameworks for their financial management business processes can accelerate and validate their work by using the guidelines as a starting point for the development of control-focused documentation that is both department- and system-specific.

Methods of Analysis

This guideline provides information to the business user (as opposed to the more common objective of supporting a systems development exercise). This guideline describes three levels of detail as defined in Appendix A.

Process Model Levels

As illustrated in Figure 19, the Level 1 process model represents the highest level and least detailed view of the financial management business process. It provides a graphical representation of financial management in the Government of Canada that applies to all functional domains and cross-functional areas.

Figure 19: Level 1 Model of Financial Management

Figure 19: Level 1 Model of Financial Management
Text version: Figure 19: Level 1 Model of Financial Management

Note: FAA s. 34 refers to section 34 of the Financial Administration Act, and FAA s. 33 refers to section 33 of that Act.

This Level 1 model provides an overarching context for all financial management in the Government of Canada and can be applied to the following domains, applicable to the common financial management business processes:

  • Planning, Budgeting and Forecasting;
  • Revenue and Accounts Receivable;
  • Expenditures and Accounts Payable;
  • Materiel/Finance Interactions;
  • Human Resources/Finance Interactions;
  • Transfer Payments;
  • Common Data;
  • Integration; and
  • Results and Performance Reporting.

The Pay Administration business process falls within the Human Resources/Finance Interactions functional domain.

Process Flows

Process flows provide a graphical overview of financial management business processes and subprocesses, using the following symbols:

Start and End

Start of financial management business process Start of financial management business process.

End of financial management business processEnd of financial management business process.

Processes and Activities

Subprocess group (Level 2 grouping of subprocesses)Subprocess group (Level 2 grouping of subprocesses).

Subprocess (Level 2) or activity (Level 3)Subprocess (Level 2) or activity (Level 3).

Subprocess (Level 2) or activity (Level 3) that is outside the scope of the common financial management business processesSubprocess (Level 2) or activity (Level 3) that is outside the scope of the common financial management business processes.

Gateways

Parallel: All of the following subprocesses (Level 2) or activities (Level 3) must be completedParallel: All of the following subprocesses (Level 2) or activities (Level 3) must be completed.

Inclusive 'or': One or more of the following subprocesses (Level 2) or activities (Level 3) must be selected and completedInclusive "or": One or more of the following subprocesses (Level 2) or activities (Level 3) must be selected and completed.

Exclusive 'or': Only one of the following subprocesses (Level 2) or activities (Level 3) must be selected and completed Exclusive "or": Only one of the following subprocesses (Level 2) or activities (Level 3) must be selected and completed.

Connectors

Connection to a subprocess (Level 2) or an activity (Level 3) appearing on the same page Connection to a subprocess (Level 2) or an activity (Level 3) appearing on the same page.

Connection to a subprocess (Level 2) or an activity (Level 3) defined in the common financial management business processes Connection to a subprocess (Level 2) or an activity (Level 3) defined in the common financial management business processes.

Connection to a process that is outside the scope of the common financial management business processes Connection to a process that is outside the scope of the common financial management business processes.

Decisions

DecisionDecision.

Inputs and Outputs

Key input into, or key output from, a subprocess or an activity Key input into, or key output from, a subprocess or an activity.

Other Symbols Used

Annotation Annotation.

RACI Tables

This guideline uses a Responsible, Accountable, Consulted and Informed (RACI) approach to describe how the roles and responsibilities apply to given subprocesses. This approach, depicted in Table 13 identifies related data, the role assignment and the applicable authoritative source.

Table 13: Sample RACI Analysis Table
ActivityRelated DataResponsibleAccountableConsultedInformedAuthoritative Source
 
  •  
     
 
  •  
     
  • Activity: This refers to the number and the title of the activity within the subprocess.
  • Related Data: Data typically created or reviewed as part of the activity, and listed alphabetically.
  • Roles and Responsibilities: In this guideline, a role is an individual or a group of individuals whose involvement in an activity is described using the RACI approach. Because of differences among departments, a role may not correspond to a specific position, title or organizational unit. A detailed description of roles and responsibilities for Pay Administration is provided in Appendix D.
    • Responsible: A role that records the information or a decision, or that does the work to complete the activity, relying on the information from those consulted or accountable. There can be multiple roles responsible.
    • Accountable: The role that can attest to the truth of the information or a decision and that is accountable for the completion of the activity. There must be exactly one role accountable for each activity.
    • Consulted: A role that is required to provide accurate information or a decision for an activity to be completed. There may or may not be a consulted role, and consultation may or may not be mandatory. When consultation does occur, there is typically a two-way communication between those consulted and the responsible party.
    • Informed: A role that is notified of the information or a decision after the decision is made or the activity is completed. There may or may not be an informed role, and informing the role may or may not be mandatory. There is typically a one-way communication from the responsible or accountable party to those informed.
  • Authoritative Source: A system that holds the official version of the information generated by the activity or a decision resulting from the activity. The authoritative source can be automated or manual.

Note: Occasionally, roles and responsibilities can change, depending on the scenario involved. In such cases, an "S(X)" notation is used to show the differences in roles for each scenario.

Appendix D: Detailed Roles and Responsibilities

This appendix describes in detail the organizational roles and responsibilities identified for Pay Administration (Business Process 5.1). In this guideline, a role is an individual or a group of individuals whose involvement in an activity is described using the Responsible, Accountable, Consulted and Informed (RACI) approach. Because of differences among departments, a role may not correspond to a specific position, title or organizational unit. The organizational roles are grouped by stakeholder category, as shown in Figure 20.

Figure 20 : Roles Involved in Pay Administration

Figure 20 : Roles Involved in Pay Administration
Text version: Figure 20 : Roles Involved in Pay Administration

In the sections that follow, each of the roles identified in Figure 20 is described as it relates specifically to Pay Administration (Business Process 5.1). Note that the roles and responsibilities described for the specific organization or position are not intended to be exhaustive. Also note that it is implicitly understood that administrative system cluster groups are system enablers for their member departments' compensation and finance organizations.

Requirements Framework

Office of the Comptroller General - Treasury Board Secretariat

The Comptroller General of Canada is responsible for providing functional direction and assurance for financial management, internal audit, investment planning, procurement, project management and the management of real property and materiel across the federal government.

The Office of the Comptroller General supports the Comptroller General of Canada in this by working to ensure that sound policies, standards and practices are in place; overseeing performance and compliance across government; and maintaining and building vibrant professional communities through a range of recruitment and development activities. See footnote 90

Chief Information Officer Branch - Treasury Board Secretariat

The Chief Information Officer Branch (CIOB) See footnote 91 sets strategic direction for information management (IM), information technology (IT), and service delivery in the Government of Canada. The CIOB is responsible for developing and implementing strategies, policies, standards, guidelines and key performance indicators to improve service delivery, IM, IT, and privacy and security in departments and agencies; and for ensuring compliance with Treasury Board requirements.

Principal CIOB accountabilities include the following:

  • Developing and implementing an enterprise architecture for Government of Canada services, information, solutions and technology to facilitate government-wide and inter-jurisdictional collaboration and improve efficiency;
  • Developing and implementing a phased implementation strategy for the Policy on the Management of Information Technology to enhance IM within departments and agencies and establish shared IM infrastructure services;
  • Monitoring the designs, implementation plans and management of significant IT projects to determine their strategic value and performance;
  • Defining the Government of Canada's strategy for transforming service delivery by rethinking and integrating service offerings, using common business processes, and overseeing implementation within departments and agencies; and
  • Establishing and managing a program to modernize the delivery of government administrative services (e.g., IT, HR, financial and materiel management) through the use of shared infrastructures.

The CIOB will leverage the findings on HR/Finance common business processes, data and authoritative sources for initiatives linking corporate administrative financial and HR systems.

Office of the Chief Human Resources Officer - Treasury Board Secretariat Compensation and Labour Relations Sector - OCHRO

Within the context of the Treasury Board's HR management strategy, the Compensation and Labour Relations Sector has specific accountability for the following:

  • Setting performance expectations regarding such HR management areas as labour relations, occupational health and safety, essential services and discipline;
  • Providing departments with advice on the interpretation of policies and standards, monitoring compliance and facilitating capacity development within relevant functional communities;
  • Supporting the Treasury Board's HR management role by elaborating on the Policy Framework for the Management of Compensation;
  • Conducting collective bargaining for the core public administration;
  • Obtaining negotiation mandates for agencies;
  • Establishing pay policies; and
  • Managing, monitoring and overseeing pay administration.

Because it develops and interprets compensation policies that may affect the HR/Finance touch points for the Pay Administration business process, the Compensation and Labour Relations Sector is important to the development of this guideline. Furthermore, this sector originates pay transactions related to new collective agreements, negotiations or discussions with unions, and other changes to employee pay arising out of policy instruments, legislation, the courts and other bodies.

Strategic Infrastructure, Information Management and Research - OCHRO

OCHRO See footnote 92 was established to modernize HR management across the Government of Canada and contribute to the delivery of quality services to Canadians. Strategic Infrastructure, Information Management and Research provides departments and agencies with leadership and direction on Government of Canada common HR business processes, HR information management and HR systems through its effective HR standards, processes, infrastructure and guidance. This includes the following:

  • Networking and sharing best practices across the public service;
  • Leading the modernization of the classification process;
  • Helping to rebuild HR capacity across government;
  • Providing guidance to streamline HR business processes and systems across government; and
  • Developing modern electronic platforms for online learning.

As part of the Common Human Resources Business Process Initiative, OCHRO will provide documented common end-to-end business processes for HR, allowing for a consistent definition of these processes for both the HR and Finance communities. See footnote 93

Financial Management Roles

Corporate finance

The function of corporate finance (in support of the responsibilities of the chief financial officer (CFO)) is to establish and ensure adequate financial controls for the departmental portion of the pay process. Payroll accounting and financial control over the pay administration processes are part of financial management, whereas employee compensation policies and procedures are part of HR management. Consequently, the CFO and HR senior management share the responsibility for pay administration in departments. Corporate finance responsibilities include the following:

  • Establishing management practices and controls to ensure compliance with sections 32, 33, and 34 of the FAA as well as with all Treasury Board policies, including the Directive on the Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements, the Directive on Account Verification, the Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control, and the Directive on Financial Management of Pay Administration. The authority to certify payments for employee pay to comply with the FAA, section 33, may be delegated to HR personnel. However, the CFO remains responsible for the overall effectiveness of the controls related to the exercise of this authority; See footnote 94
  • Ensuring that a system is in place to allow the person delegated with FAA section 33 authority to verify that the payment is a lawful charge against the appropriation and that the payment would not result in an expenditure in excess of the appropriation or reduce the balance available in the appropriation to an insufficient level to meet the commitments charged against it;
  • Monitoring of ongoing compliance with requirements and controls of the FAA, related regulations and Treasury Board policies; and
  • Implementing and managing Government of Canada payroll accounting and financial policies, including the following:
    • Maintaining the financial signing authorities matrix and supporting specimen signature documents;
    • Ensuring that all persons with delegated signing authorities for pay transactions have successfully completed required training and understand the responsibilities associated with the delegated authority;
    • Developing departmental procedures and associated training; and
    • Implementing accounting changes (including application, process and policy changes).

Financial services

Financial services (a generic identifier that may be termed otherwise by a department) is the departmental organization that ensures the day-to-day application of financial controls for pay-related expenditures. Typically, this organization is local and fulfills financial management responsibilities associated with pay transactions.

If delegated the authority under the FAA, section 33, for pay transactions, the finance officer within financial services is responsible for providing assurance as to the adequacy of the FAA section 34 account certification and verification process, and related financial controls, to ensure accurate and timely payment of payroll accounts. In accordance with the account verification requirements, officers with delegated FAA section 33 authority are to ensure the following: See footnote 95

  • Adequate financial controls are designed and implemented as part of the pay and payroll processes;
  • Requirements under the FAA, section 34, are complied with;
  • Verification of pay transactions results in the correct data entry of pay transactions;
  • Payment or settlement will fall within the scope and purpose of the appropriation to which it is being charged; and
  • Certification of payments pursuant to the FAA, section 33, is provided to the Department of Public Works and Government Services (PWGSC). See footnote 96

Additional responsibilities of financial services include the following:

  • Custody and distribution of pay cheques in departments (distribution is performed by persons not otherwise involved in the pay process);
  • Assistance with the reconciliation of payroll register totals with departmental controls and central agency accounts to ensure that reported pay expenditures are complete, accurate and properly recorded; and
  • Initiation of occasional pay transactions, usually related to recoveries of debts owed to the Government of Canada or in response to court orders or orders from another similarly empowered body (e.g., the Canada Revenue Agency).

Responsibility centre manager

For this guideline, the role of responsibility centre manager refers to individuals who are delegated the authorities to initiate expenditures related to pay and who are responsible for commitment control, recording of commitments, and FAA section 34. In a pay administration context, this can include individuals occupying positions that are typically responsible for an organization (e.g., a responsibility centre) or for a department, as in the case of the deputy head.

In completing the certification and verification requirements of the FAA, section 34, the responsibility centre manager reviews the accuracy of applicable pay expenses posted in the department's financial management system. The responsibility centre manager does not necessarily calculate the pay amount, but reviews it to ensure that the amount is reasonable and that pay transactions such as new hires, transfers and employee separations are completed.

Compensation Roles

Employee

Government of Canada employees initiate, or are the recipients of, compensation actions. For example, they:

  • Provide accurate personal or tombstone data to support compensation actions, such as social insurance numbers, addresses, banking details and life events (e.g., marriage, birth); and
  • Accept or initiate changes to their conditions of employment that in the context of this guideline involve changes to their compensation package. This includes the following:
    • Timely reporting of leave (with and without pay) and extra duty (e.g., overtime);
    • Management of work schedule (e.g., flexible and variable hours); and
    • Reporting of discrepancies to compensation.

Employees are also expected to be knowledgeable about relevant policies and collective agreements or terms and conditions of employment that may affect their employment.

Note that a small number of transactions, such as those related to maternity leave and vacation advances, can be initiated by employees directly, sometimes without the knowledge of the responsibility centre manager. In cases where the transaction affects the responsibility centre manager's budget, it is important that the compensation advisor ensure that the responsibility centre manager is advised of the transaction.

Responsibility centre manager

The responsibility centre manager with delegated expenditure initiation authority for pay transactions and FAA section 32 authority is responsible for the initiation of the majority of pay-related expenditures and for fulfilling the requirements of departmental commitment control and recording as defined by the deputy head. The responsibility centre manager with delegated FAA section 34 authority is also responsible for certifying and verifying the following: See footnote 97

  • The payee is entitled to, or eligible for, the payment;
  • The relevant contract, collective agreement, or terms and conditions of employment have been met;
  • The requested payment is not a duplicate transaction;
  • The transaction complies with all relevant statutes, regulations, orders-in-council and Treasury Board policies, such as those on salary advance payments; and
  • The transaction is accurate, and the financial coding has been provided.

Note that the responsibility centre manager also has a financial management role as described under financial services.

Compensation

The establishment of pay entitlements and deductions and the calculation of gross pay amounts are compensation functions. The compensation advisor typically receives the pay-related document from the responsibility centre manager. In cases where the employee is able to initiate a pay action directly with compensation or where a transaction originates from the Treasury Board (or the employer), it is important that the compensation advisor ensure that the responsibility centre manager is advised of the transaction. The compensation advisor may also receive "court" See footnote 98 orders that garnish employees' salaries or that institute payments. The compensation advisor confirms that the payee is indeed eligible for the payment, performs any required calculations, and keys the transaction into the Regional Pay System (RPS).

The compensation advisor's transaction is then verified, as part of compensation's pay verification process. This pay verification is the first part of FAA section 34 verification. Compensation advisors performing verification for pay input must be delegated FAA section 34 authority See footnote 99 to fulfill the verification for pay input. Compensation responsibilities include the following:

  • Verification of supporting pay input documents, including required approvals and certifications;
  • Data entry to correctly update and maintain pay-related transactions and data;
  • Verification that transactions comply with all relevant statutes, regulations, orders-in-council and Treasury Board policies, such as policies on salary advance payments;
  • Verification of correct data entry of pay transactions;
  • Timely processing of pay transactions and data to support the PWGSC payroll processing; and
  • Verification of payroll registers or other output reports to ensure that the payments reflect the input transactions.

Authority to perform FAA section 34 verification can be delegated to other departments. See footnote 100

Other HR functions

Other HR functions include classification, staffing, labour relations, official languages, training and performance appraisal (including awards and recognition). These functions provide critical information for responsibility centre managers, compensation and employees (such as classification decisions, identification of successful candidates in a staffing action, decisions on disciplinary actions, or identification of recipients and amounts for special awards) that can lead to pay transactions. Note, however, that these functions do not directly initiate any pay transactions.

Central Services

PWGSC - Compensation Sector (including Finance and Payroll Accounting Division)

The Compensation Sector See footnote 101 provides payroll, benefits and pension plan administration services for the Public Service of Canada. This includes the following:

  • Administration of payroll, pension and insurance services for public service employees and pensioners;
  • Specialized pension services and dental plan services for the Canadian Forces, lieutenant-governors and diplomatic services pensioners;
  • Payroll and dental insurance services for members of the RCMP; and
  • Pay and pension services for current and former Members of Parliament.

In 2010-11, the Compensation Sector centrally administered the pay accounts of 342,000 public service employees and the pension accounts of 349,000 pensioners, issuing approximately 13 million pay and pension payments a year, which makes it Canada's largest payroll and pension administrator. Specific accountabilities include the following:

  • Pay and pension processing, consolidated system control, accounting and remittance, and pay general ledger accounting functions for the RPS, which result in the creation of the detailed pay expenditure file; specifically, the Financial and Payroll Accounting Division plays a key role in the financial control and accounting of the government-wide payroll accounts (Department 079);
  • Support to the departmental compensation function through advisory services; application and program support; training development and delivery; maintenance of all manuals related to pay, pension and insurance; and development and maintenance of the Compensation Web Applications; and
  • roviding expertise in the development and implementation of comprehensive strategies, processes, and systems for the control, validation and integrity of compensation data to support the effective management of pension, pay and benefits products and special projects.

In addition, the Compensation Sector administers policies, legislation and operational requests that affect pay and insurance in government departments and agencies as well as in Crown corporations.

PWGSC - Central Accounting and Reporting Sector

The Central Accounting and Reporting Sector is responsible for the government-wide central accounting and reporting functions of the Receiver General, which include the following:

  • Maintaining the Public Accounts of Canada (which includes publishing the government-wide Chart of Accounts), preparing the Public Accounts of Canada and the Government of Canada's Monthly Statement of Financial Operations (MSFO), publishing accounting directives and guidance in the Receiver General Directives, the Receiver General Manual and the Receiver General Information Notices, as well as monitoring the quality of financial information in departmental trial balances;
  • Maintaining and operating the Receiver General-General Ledger (RG-GL), which provides the Central Financial Management Reporting System (CFMRS) with control data received from treasury systems to ensure that all payments and deposits are accounted for in the Public Accounts of Canada;
  • Developing, maintaining, and operating the CFMRS, which compiles RG-GL, Payroll System-General Ledger (PS-GL) and certified trial balances submitted by departments and agencies at the end of every month. The CFMRS is used only by the Receiver General to produce the MSFO and the Public Accounts of Canada, and by central agencies for analysis and reporting purposes; and
  • Managing and operating the Common Departmental Financial System (CDFS), which is the system used to support PS-GL and RG-GL financial and control operations.

Receiver General - Banking and Cash Management Sector

The Banking and Cash Management Sector (BCMS) is responsible for managing the receiver general treasury functions of the government. The receiver general functions include issuing most payments on behalf of the government and controlling the government's bank accounts. In 2007-08, a total of 255 million payments were issued, of which 71 per cent were issued electronically through direct deposit. The BCMS's responsibilities include the following:

  • Administration of the cash inflows and outflows of the Consolidated Revenue Fund;
  • Issuance, reconciliation, and redemption of payments on behalf of all government departments; and
  • Administration of the government's banking arrangements for receipts and disbursements.

The Standard Payment System is managed and operated by the BCMS.

Appendix E: Analysis of Pay Transactions by Originator Type

Entitlements

Entitlement transactions, which relate to monies owed to an employee by the Government of Canada, are used either to make a payment through payroll or to recover amounts paid in error, usually when the erroneous payment occurred in the same fiscal year.

Base pay and allowances are entitlements stipulated by collective agreements or the terms and conditions of employment and approved by Financial Administration Act (FAA) section 34 authority, usually upon signature of a letter of offer. Entitlements often have taxable benefits and are therefore paid through the payroll process; however, some can be made through the accounts payable process (e.g., training costs). Some non-taxable entitlements are also paid through the payroll process, although most are handled as accounts payable payments (e.g., refund of expenses). Entitlements paid through the accounts payable process, whether taxable or not, are outside the scope of this analysis.

Payroll entitlement transactions that result in payments require verification and certification under the FAA, section 34, and authorization under the FAA, section 33, for their processing. They also typically require adjustments to commitments. Payroll entitlement transactions that result in recoveries do not require certification or verification under the FAA, section 34, or authorization under the FAA, section 33, but may still require adjustments to commitments.

The HR/Finance touch point for entitlements is the documentation that provides the compensation role with the authority to create the pay action. Documentation can be a letter of offer, a collective agreement, or some form of certification from the responsibility centre manager, the Treasury Board (or the employer), or departmental financial services.

Entitlements are, for the most part, originated by the responsibility centre manager. Entitlements originating from the responsibility centre manager include, but are not limited to, basic pay, recurring and non-recurring allowances, overtime, differentials, premiums, cash-outs of compensatory time and accumulated vacation, and some lump-sum payments.

Responsibility Centre Manager-Originated Transactions

ActionHR/Finance Touch PointComments
The responsibility centre manager is informed of, or recognizes, the employee's eligibility for entitlement.N/AN/A
The responsibility centre manager updates salary management and/or commitments and confirms availability of funds.
  • Expenditure initiation
  • Record of commitment and/or update to forecast
The responsibility centre manager may forecast and/or create commitments based on approved changes in entitlement.
Changes are identified as part of the salary management function, in accordance with procedures established by the deputy head.
The employee works or otherwise earns entitlement.N/AN/A
The responsibility centre manager certifies entitlement and advises compensation of entitlement.FAA section 34 certificationThis certification is often the original section 34 certification from the employee's letter of offer. Alternatively, it could be a signed time report or a certification document either created by, or endorsed by, the responsibility centre manager attesting to the employee's eligibility for payment.
Compensation confirms eligibility and calculates and enters transaction into the pay system ("pay input").N/AThe responsibility centre manager will frequently rely on the compensation advisor's expertise with collective agreements or other documents that specify the requirements and nature of the entitlements.
The compensation advisor verifies the transaction ("pay verification").FAA section 34 verificationN/A
Quality assurance of the adequacy of FAA section 34 account verification occurs (either pre-payment or post-payment).N/AN/A
Pay transaction is authorized ("pay authorization").FAA section 33 payment requisitionN/A
Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) processes pay, issues payments, and provides pay register and detailed pay expenditure file to departments.N/AN/A
Compensation reviews pay register file, and HR releases payment.N/AN/A
The responsibility centre manager reviews pay expenses and confirms accuracy.FAA section 34 account verification (completion of FAA section 34)N/A

Entitlement transactions are also frequently originated by the Treasury Board or, for separate employers, by the employer. Entitlements originating from the Treasury Board or from the employer include, but are not limited to, pay changes related to renegotiation or reinterpretation of collective agreements, salary relativity and pay equity adjustments, conversion payments, and associated interim or retroactive lump-sum payments.

It is important to note that for all payments originated by the Treasury Board or the employer, FAA section 34 certification originates from the employee's letter of offer.

These transactions are often processed in bulk by PWGSC, on behalf of departments. In these cases, FAA section 33 payment authorization is recurring (until PWGSC is advised otherwise, or the requisition is superseded and certified in accordance with section 7 of the Payment Requisitioning Regulations).

Treasury Board- or Employer-Originated Transactions

ActionHR/Finance Touch PointComments
The Treasury Board determines the employee has a new or changed entitlement.N/AN/A
The Treasury Board directs PWGSC to effect new entitlement and provides information to departments.N/AN/A
PWGSC provides instructions to departments.N/AN/A
The responsibility centre manager updates salary management and/or commitments.
  • Expenditure initiation
  • FAA section 32
The responsibility centre manager may forecast and/or create commitments based on approved changes in entitlement.
Changes are identified as part of the salary management function, in accordance with procedures established by the deputy head.
The responsibility centre manager certifies entitlement.FAA section 34 certificationThis certification is the original FAA section 34 certification from the employee's letter of offer.
PWGSC processes the change in bulk ("pay input," "pay verification," "pay authorization").FAA section 34 verificationPWGSC is directed to implement bulk changes to employee pay by a representative of the employer (the Treasury Board or the employer). This directive is in written form, and verification is conducted to ensure that the representative has the mandate to request the change.
Payment is requisitioned.FAA section 33 payment requisitionThis requisition is the original section 33 requisition from the employee's letter of offer.
PWGSC processes pay, issues payments, and provides pay register and detailed pay expenditure file to departments.N/AN/A
Compensation reviews pay register, and HR releases payment.N/AN/A
The responsibility centre manager reviews pay expenses and confirms accuracy.FAA section 34 account verification (completion of FAA section 34)N/A

Transactions originated by the Treasury Board or the employer are also processed within the department by the compensation advisor.

Treasury Board- or Employer-Originated Transactions

ActionHR/Finance Touch PointComments
The Treasury Board determines the employee has a new or changed entitlement.N/AN/A
The Treasury Board directs PWGSC to effect new entitlement and provides information to departments.N/AN/A
PWGSC provides instructions to departments.N/AN/A
The responsibility centre manager updates salary management and/or commitments.
  • Expenditure initiation
  • FAA section 32
The responsibility centre manager may forecast and/or create commitments based on approved changes in entitlement.
Changes are identified as part of the salary management function, in accordance with procedures established by the deputy head.
The responsibility centre manager certifies entitlement.FAA section 34 certificationThis certification is the original FAA section 34 certification from the employee's letter of offer.
The compensation advisor confirms eligibility and calculates and enters pay action into the pay system ("pay input").N/AN/A
The compensation advisor verifies the transaction ("pay verification").FAA section 34 verificationN/A
Quality assurance of the adequacy of FAA section 34 account verification occurs (either pre-payment or post-payment)N/AN/A
Pay transaction is authorized ("pay authorization").FAA section 33 payment requisition 
PWGSC processes pay, issues payments, and provides pay register and detailed pay expenditure file to departments.N/AN/A
Compensation reviews pay register, and HR releases payment.N/AN/A
The responsibility centre manager reviews pay expenses and confirms accuracy.FAA section 34 account verification (completion of FAA section 34)N/A

Occasionally, entitlements are originated by the employee or the employee's estate. Typically, these are special transactions related to post-retirement, severance, workforce adjustment or death entitlements. Sometimes the request is routed through the responsibility centre manager; however, these transactions can be processed without the knowledge of the responsibility centre manager. Compensation must inform the responsibility centre manager of these situations when the transaction affects the responsibility centre manager's budget.

For all payments originated by the employee, FAA section 34 certification originates from the employee's letter of offer.

Employee-Originated Transactions

ActionHR/Finance Touch PointComments
The employee requests entitlement directly from compensation or advises the responsibility centre manager of the entitlement.N/AN/A
(Only once the responsibility centre manager is advised)The responsibility centre manager updates salary management and/or commitments.
  • Expenditure initiation
  • FAA section 32
The responsibility centre manager may forecast and/or create commitments based on approved changes in entitlement.
Changes are identified as part of the salary management function, in accordance with procedures established by the deputy head.
(Only if the responsibility centre manager is advised prior to compensation)The responsibility centre manager advises compensation of the entitlement.N/AN/A
The responsibility centre manager certifies entitlement.FAA section 34 certificationThis certification is the original FAA section 34 certification on the employee's letter of offer.
The compensation advisor confirms eligibility, calculates and enters the transaction into the pay system ("pay input"), and advises the responsibility centre manager.N/AThe compensation advisor should advise the responsibility centre manager, if the employee requested the transaction directly.
The compensation advisor verifies the transaction ("pay verification").FAA section 34 verificationN/A
Quality assurance of the adequacy of FAA section 34 account verification occurs (either pre-payment or post-payment).N/AN/A
Pay transaction is authorized ("pay authorization").FAA section 33 payment requisitionN/A
PWGSC processes pay, issues payments, and provides pay register and detailed pay expenditure file to departments.N/AN/A
Compensation reviews pay register file, and HR releases payment.N/AN/A
The responsibility centre manager reviews pay expenses and confirms accuracy.FAA section 34 account verification (completion of FAA section 34)N/A

Deductions

Deduction transactions are used to recover debt owed by an employee for overpayment of salary (typically in previous fiscal years), to recover costs as outlined in collective agreements, or to recover payment made by a department's financial services.

Deduction transactions include, but are not limited to, garnishments, recoveries of overpayments, recoveries of rent, recoveries of damages to Crown property, and other penalties. They are originated by responsibility centre managers, the courts, the Treasury Board, or departments' financial services.

The HR/Finance touch point for deductions is the documentation that provides compensation with the authority for the recovery pay action. This is typically the employee's collective agreement or the FAA itself.

The end-to-end reconciliation of these recoveries and financial services payments are outside the scope of this analysis.


1   This guideline applies to "departments" as defined in section 2 of the Financial Administration Act.
2    Receiver General Manual, Chapter 6, "Payroll Systems and Departments"
3   Directive on Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements, Section 6.1.3
4   Directive on Account Verification
5   Directive on Account Verification
6   This guideline applies to "departments" as defined in section 2 of the FAA.
7   Directive on the Stewardship of Financial Management Systems, Section 3
8    Receiver General Manual, Chapter 6, "Payroll Systems and Departments"
9   "Court" refers to any external body that is legally mandated to order the withholding of employee salary (e.g., Family Court, the Canada Revenue Agency) or payments to employees (e.g., the Human Rights Commission).
10   For further information on the role of the Compensation Sector, see PWGSC's Compensation Sector website and its 2006-07 Departmental Performance Report.
11   Common Human Resources Business Process
12   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control, Appendix - Definitions
13   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control, Appendix - Definitions
14   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control, Section 6.1
15   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control, Section 6.1
16   Financial Administration Act, section 32
17   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control, Section 6.2
18   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control, Section 3.4
19   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control,Section 6.2
20   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control,Section 6.2
21   Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements, Appendix - Definitions
22   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control, Section 6
23   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control, Section 6
24   Common Human Resources Business Process
25   Common Human Resources Business Process
26   Descriptions included in this document reflect CHRBP version 5.0, updated in November 2011.
27   CHRBP Process Documentation for 2.05 p.121
28   CHRBP Process Documentation for 3.04  p.186
29   CHRBP Process Documentation for 3.05, p.202
30   CHRBP Process Documentation for 5.03, p.337
31   CHRBP Process Documentation for 5.04, p.354
32   CHRBP Process Documentation for 5.05, p.368
33   CHRBP Process Documentation for 6.01, p.393
34   CHRBP Process Documentation for 6.02, p.417
35   CHRBP Process Documentation for 7.01, p.435
36   CHRBP Process Documentation for 7.02, p.476
37   CHRBP Process Documentation for 7.03, p.504
38   CHRBP Process Documentation for 7.05, p.551
39   CHRBP Process Documentation for 7.06, p.574
40   CHRBP Process Documentation for 7.07, p.591
41   Common Human Resources Business Process
42   CHRBP Process Documentation for 4.01, p.251
43   CHRBP Process Documentation for 4.02, p.265
44    Receiver General Manual, Chapter 6: Payroll Systems and Departments
45   Directive on Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements, Section 6.1.3
46   Directive on Account Verification
47   Please refer to the Guidelines for the Processing of Garnishments
48   Directive on Account Verification, Section 6.2
49   Directive on Account Verification, Section 6.3.4
50   Directive on Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements, Section 6.2.2
51   Directive on Delegation of Financial Authorities for DisbursementsSection 6.3.1
52   Directive on Account Verification, Section 6.2
53   Directive on Account Verification, Section 6.3
54   Directive on Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements, Section 6.2.2
55   Directive on Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements,Section 6.3.1
56   Receiver General Manual, Chapter 6, "Payroll Systems and Departments"
57   Receiver General Manual, Chapter 6, "Payroll Systems and Departments"
58   Personal Pay Input Manual, Chapter 7.5.1
59   Receiver General Manual, Chapter 6, "Payroll Systems and Departments"
60   Receiver General Manual, Chapter 6, "Payroll Systems and Departments"
61   Directive on Terms and Conditions of Employment, Section 13.1
62   Directive on Account Verification
63   Directive on Account Verification, Section 3.3
64   Directive on Account Verification, Section 6.2
65   Directive on Account Verification, Section 6.3.4
66   Directive on Account Verification, Section 6.2
67   Directive on Payment Requisitioning and Cheque Control, Section 6.2
68   Directive on Account Verification,Section 6.2
69   Directive on Financial Planning and Budgeting (Draft), Treasury Board
70   Directive on Financial Planning and Budgeting (Draft), Treasury Board
71   Directive on Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements, Appendix - Definitions
72   Directive on the Stewardship of Financial Management Systems, Appendix - Definitions
73   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control, Appendix - Definitions
74   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control, Appendix - Definitions
75   Directive on Expenditure Initiation and Commitment Control, Appendix - Definitions
76   Directive on the Stewardship of Financial Management Systems, Appendix - Definitions
77   Directive on Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements, Appendix - Definitions
78   Federal Accountability Act
79   Financial Administration Act: Responding to Non-compliance-Meeting the Expectations of Canadians
80   Directive on the Stewardship of Financial Management Systems, Appendix - Definitions
81   Directive on Planning and Budgeting (Draft), Treasury Board
82   Personnel-Pay Input Manual,Chapter 7.5.1
83   Personnel-Pay Input Manual,Chapter 7.5.1
84   Directive on Planning and Budgeting(Draft), Treasury Board
85   Guideline on Financial Management of Pay Administration, Section 4.1.2
86   For a full definition of section 32, section 33 and section 34, consult the Financial Administration Act.
87   For a full definition of section 32, section 33 and section 34, consult the Financial Administration Act.
88   For a full definition of section 32, section 33 and section 34, consult the Financial Administration Act.
89   Directive on Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements, Appendix - Definitions
90   Mandate, Office of the Comptroller General, Treasury Board Secretariat
91   TBS Organization - Chief Information Officer Branch
92   Office of the Chief Human Resources Officer, Responsibilities
93   Common Human Resources Business Process
94   Directive on Financial Management of Pay Administration
95   Directive on Financial Management of Pay Administration
96   Directive on Payment Requisitioning and Cheque Control
97   Guideline on Financial Management of Pay Administration
98   "Court" refers to any external body that is legally mandated to order the withholding of employee salary (e.g., Family Court, the Canada Revenue Agency) or payments to employees (e.g., the Human Rights Commission).
99   Directive on Financial Management of Pay Administration, section 6.1
100   Directive on Delegation of Financial Authorities for Disbursements, section 6.1.3
101   Compensation Sector website, PWGSC, and Public Works and Government Services Canada 2006-07 Departmental Performance Report