Disability management focuses on absences from work as a result of illness, injury or disability, and on preventing the risks that cause these absences. It is a deliberate and coordinated effort by employers to reduce the occurrence and effect of illness and injury on workforce productivity, and to promote employee attachment.
These components are mutually reinforcing. Benefits and services in one component can sometimes be used very effectively in another. Assistive technologies, such as adaptive screens, fall under accommodation, but in some situations they can be used successfully to prevent serious illness and injury in the first place, or to prevent a relapse for employees who have returned to work to help them stay at work.