Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
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Border Infrastructure Fund:

Plans, Spending and Results

Name of horizontal initiative Border Infrastructure Fund
Name of lead department(s) Infrastructure Canada
Federal partner organization(s)
  • Transport Canada.
Non-federal and non-governmental partner(s) N/A
Start date of the horizontal initiative 2003-2004
End date of the horizontal initiative 2017-2018
Total federal funding allocated (start to end date) $600 Million4
Funding contributed by non-federal and non-governmental partners N/A
Description of the horizontal initiative

The Border Infrastructure Fund (BIF), which was announced in Budget 2001, is a cost-shared contribution program. It complements some of the Government of Canada's other infrastructure programs such as the Canada Strategic Infrastructure Fund and the Strategic Highway Infrastructure Program, a Transport Canada program.

As part of "Canada's commitment to address land border pressures, such as traffic congestion, and to continue to facilitate the large volume of trade across the Canada-United States border", BIF contributions are directed at or on routes leading to Canada's border crossings, with a particular focus on the six largest:

  • Windsor, Ontario;
  • Sarnia, Ontario;
  • Fort Erie, Ontario;
  • Niagara Falls, Ontario;
  • Douglas, British Columbia; and
  • Lacolle, Quebec.

The fund also directs some funding towards smaller and regionally important border crossings throughout Canada. Once completed, projects supported under BIF will help to alleviate traffic congestion, increase system capacity and further the Smart Border Declaration, a Canada-US Declaration - North American Partnerships.ii

Shared outcome(s)

The overall planned results expected to be achieved through BIF are investments in projects that contribute to safe and efficient border crossings. Expected outcomes are to alleviate border congestion and increase border crossing capacity and to increase security and safety at border crossings, leading to cross border trade efficiencies.

Governance structures

All BIF projects are selected under the authority of the Minister of Infrastructure, Communities and Intergovernmental Affairs. Prior to selecting projects, the Minister consults with other Ministers who have an interest in the region or in the substantive project area. After project selection, public announcements are made by the Minister of Infrastructure, Communities and Intergovernmental Affairs and Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec. Treasury Board approval is sought for each contribution. At the same time, incremental operating funds required for project oversight and management by Transport Canada are identified and sought in the Treasury Board submission.

The fund is delivered in partnership involving primarily three sets of key collaborators:

  • Infrastructure Canada: As the coordinating and funding agent for the contribution, Infrastructure Canada is responsible for project review, selection, approval, public announcements, environmental assessment (in some cases) and program evaluation. It also develops, in coordination with the implementing department/agency, the submission to Treasury Board for the approval of funds. Infrastructure Canada is also responsible for the overall management of program funding, for seeking appropriation of funds from Parliament through the Contribution Votes and for transferring funds to Transport Canada.
  • Transport Canada: An umbrella Memorandum of Understanding governs the relationship between Infrastructure Canada and Transport Canada for the implementation of BIF projects. Transport Canada may provide technical assistance in the analysis of the business case, determining the costs and benefits to be realized, and leads the development of the contribution agreement and Treasury Board submission. Transport Canada will support implementation of BIF projects in a manner that upholds federal due diligence in such areas as overseeing the implementation of mitigation measures identified in the environmental assessment, assessing the eligibility and reasonability of project costs, providing information pertaining to cash flow and budget, approving claims, making payments, and conducting audits and evaluation of projects. Transport Canada serves as the federal co-chair of the project's Agreement Steering Committee. Transport Canada also ensures adherence to information management requirements, including the use of the Shared Information Management System for Infrastructure, which captures, monitors and reports on project information.
  • The funding recipient: The recipient may be a provincial, territorial, or local government, a private partner, a non-government organization, or a combination thereof. Once the project has been selected, Transport Canada leads the negotiations to develop a contribution agreement. The recipient is responsible for ensuring that the project is completed as per the Terms and Conditions of the Contribution Agreement.
Planning highlights

As funding under the Border Infrastructure Fund is entirely committed to projects, the Department will focus primarily on continuing to monitor the final three projects under the Border Infrastructure Fund in partnership with Transport Canada.

Results to be achieved by non-federal and non-governmental partners N/A
Contact information Claude Blanchette, Director General, Program Integration, Tel: (613) 948-9392, E-Mail: